History 105; Colonization to Reconstruction

New World

Cortes

1521

Cortes conquers the Aztecs in Mexico

Pizarro

1533

Pizarro conquers the Incas in Peru

Newfoundland

1583

Roanoke Island

1585

Jamestown

1607

Virginia Company
1607 = 900
1690 = 60
(Bad health)

House of Burgesses

1619

The House of Burgess in England became a representative for the government in the New World

Plymouth

1620

Pilgrims and Puritans landed in Plymouth
Massachusetts Bay Colony

Royal Government

1624

Pequot War

1637

King Philip's War

1675 - 1676

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

Planter Nathaniel Bacon, rebellion against Royal Governor Sir William Berkeley.
Demand for land

Pueblo Revolt

1680

-Prohibition of indigenous religion
-Imposition of Catholic practices
-Forced labor
-European diseases

Queen Anne's War

1702 - 1713

British sovereignty over Hudson Bay territory.
-Ended by the Peace of Utrecht

Peace of Utrecht

1713

Ended Queen Anne's War

Boston's Impressment Riot

1747

Impressed Bostonians released

Currency Act

1751 - 1764

Prohibited paper currency
Constricted trade

Fort Duquesne I

1754

Colonial union - failed
Iroquois Alliance - failed

Fort Duquesne II

1755

General Edward Braddock lost to the French and Indian because he used British tactics

Hannah

1758

Hannah Cook Heaton on trial for forming her own form of religion. Conversion experience.

Treaty of Paris

1763

End of Seven Years' War.
Britain got Spanish Florida and Canada
Spain got Louisiana Territory

Proclamation Line

1763

Line to manage the Indian territory.
Appalachian Mountains
Prevent the settlers from moving west

Pontiac's War

1764

Pontiac gathered tribes and led them to regain control of their land

Failed

Sugar Act

1764

Reduction on French molasses
Limitations of shipping items
Strengthened vice-admiralty courts prosecuting violations of trade acts

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

Ebenezer MacIntosh
Andrew Oliver
Thomas Hutchinson

Repealed because of violent protests

Boston Massacre

1770

5 Killed
Gov Thomas Hutchinson arrested soldiers
John Adams acquitted them

Tea Act

1773

East India Company
small tax on cheap tea
merchants opposed because it cuts them out of the deal

Quebec Act

1774

Cant cross Appalachians
expanded territory
Catholicism

Cont. Con. #1

1774

Shots fired

1775

British looking for arms to seize
Lexington & Concord

Cont. Con. #2

1775

Common Sense

1776

England

Westward Movement

1560 - 1570

conquest of Ireland
Sons of gentry
Landless commoners

English Support the Dutch

1585

Duth wanted independence from Spain

Charles I

1625

Charles I disbanded Parliament

James II

1685 - 1688

Reign of James II, a Catholic

Glorious Revolution

1688

Begin of the rule of William and Mary
-Known as the "Glorious Revolution" because the voice of the people was heard

England and France

1689 - 1763

FOUR wars

Britsh declare war

1756

British declare war on France.
23,000 troops
14,000 navy mariners

Spain

Reconquista

1492

The Reconquista of Spain, Ctholicism pushing out the Muslims.
God, gold and glory

The Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

The Treaty saying where Portugal and Spain may settle

Religion

Reconquista

1492

Spain's Catholicism

Martin Luther

1517

England

Henry VII of England

1534

Head of the Church of England because Pope refused to allow him to divorce

Calvinism

1550

England

Dissent among Puritans

1630

Roger Williams
--church should not be involved in politics
Anne Hutchinson
--Different ideas, but a woman

Roger Williams

1636

Separation of church and state

Great Awakening

1720 - 1760

Great Awakening happening all over the world.
-Differs from region to region
-spiritual renewal/rebirth
-Church and state (separation)
-Spawned revolutionary sentiment

Colleges

1746

After 1746, colleges stopped being associated or affiliated with religion.