The American Revolution

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French and Indian War

1754 - 1765

The allied French and Indian warriors fought against the British for seven years over North American territory. In the end, Britain claimed the war, and the majority of North America.

Treaty of Paris of 1763

February 10, 1763

This peace treaty formally ended the French and Indian War.

Proclamation of 1763

October 7, 1763

This proclamation stated that English settlers were no longer allowed to cross the Appalachian Mountains, so England's relationship with the Native Americans could be saved.

Stamp Act

1765 - March 18, 1766

This act required colonists to pay taxes for all paper products they used. It was largely protested by the colonists.

Declaratory Act

1766

This act was passed by the British government saying they had the right to pass whatever laws they thought necessary for the colonies to follow.

Townshend Acts

1767

The Townshend Acts were actually a series of about five different restricting acts on the colonists, and was just met with more protest, bringing the colonies closer to a war with Britain.

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

Boston colonists taunted a group of British soldiers, causing such chaos that one of the soldiers slipped, discharging his gun in the process. This resulted in the other soldiers firing, killing about five people. The event was framed on the British and made into a piece of propaganda for the colonists against Britain.

Tea Act

March 10, 1773 - 1778

This act was supposed to help the East India Company get back on its feet,, because the tea business was failing. It didn't actually force the colonists to pay more taxes, but was still protested, and caused the Boston Tea Party to occur, and much smuggling by merchants, as a way to go against the law.

Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

Members of the Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Native Americans and dumped British shiploads of expensive tea into the harbor as rebellion against the Tea Act. This resulted in heavy punishment by the British government.

Intolerable Acts

1774

This was another series of restricting laws on the colonists, which bothered the colonists so much that they organized the First Continental Congress to figure out how to get rid of the Act, which led to them full out declaring war against Britain.

First Continental Congress

September 5, 1774 - October 26, 1774

Representatives from twelve of the thirteen colonies met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to discuss independence and respond to the British governments acts against the colonists.

Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

These battles were the first of the Revolutionary War. British soldiers marched to Lexington to try and capture John Hancock and Samuel Adams, and went to Concord (location of the "shot heard round the world) to try and destroy colonial supplies. But, thanks to Paul Revere and two other men, the area's minutemen were able to be at the ready just in time to cause some serious damage to the British troops.

Second Continental Congress

May 10, 1775 - December 12, 1775

This was a sort of follow up of the First Continental Congress. Delegates from all the colonies (Georgia was able to send in someone soon after the meeting began) to further discuss the idea of independence. A lot of progress was made, and the idea of a real war really took flight.

Battle of Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775

This was a major battle, because it was one of the first one fought in the Revolutionary War. British troops charged up the hill time after time, and the American soldiers at the top were given the famous order "don't shoot until you see the whites of their eyes", because they were low on ammunition. Due to this, they were forced to retreat, so Britain was said to have won the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Olive Branch Petition

July 1775

This petition was the last attempt by the British to maintain peace between themselves and the colonies. The petition, however, was denied, and the colonies officially declared war on Britain.

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

This was a document written up by the colonists declaring full independence from Britain, which led to their long struggle to fully obtain it in the American Revolutionary War.

Washington crosses the Delaware River

December 25, 1776 - December 26, 1776

General Washington and his army secretly crossed the Delaware River and attacked the British troops at Trenton, giving them an exciting victory.

Battle of Trenton

December 26, 1776

Washington's army crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night in the middle of a blizzard. They then marched 12 miles to the place where Hessian troops were located, and in a surprise attack were able to crush the Hessians with no American casualties. By winning this battle, some say the Continental Army was saved from quickly falling apart.

Battle of Saratoga

September 19, 1777 - October 7, 1777

British General John Burgoyne set a plan to meet up with two other regiments at Albany, New York and destroy Continental troops, but due to bad communication, the plan failed, and the Continental army miraculously won. This was a major turning point in the war, because it proved to the French that the Continental Army was worth being allies with, and so we were able to gain French support.

France allies with America

1778

France signed a treaty with America, making the two countries allies after the results of the Battle of Yorktown. Without this alliance, the colonies would never have been able to win the war.

Bon Homme Richard vs. Serapis

September 23, 1779 - September 25, 1779

The Bon Homme Richard was a Continental battleship that fought in a bloody naval battle against the British ship Serapis. After an intense two day battle, the Bon Homme Richard was defeated, and sunk, resulting in a British victory.

Battle of Yorktown

September 28, 1781 - October 19, 1781

General Cornwallis was located on a peninsula, and had his British fleet surrounding the peninsula to back him up. They expected to win, but American and French forces combined to form a strong army on the ground, and also in the water against the British fleet, thanks to French ships coming to the rescue. Eventually, the British had to surrender...
This was the last battle of the Revolutionary War!

Treaty of Paris of 1783

September 3, 1783

This peace treaty between Britain and America formally ended the American Revolutionary war. It did three things:
1. Established a new nation - The United States of America
2. Gave America independence.
3. Established American border - in the North, the Great Lakes, in the South, Spanish Florida, and in the West, the Mississippi River.