Daylon, Sung, Bill
178,975 black men fought for the Union during the Civil War in the 1860s. They fought gamely at many battles, particularly the unsuccessful attempt to take a huge Confederate installation at Ft. Wagner, S.C., in the fall of 1863.
Congress authorizes the Union Army to accept African-American soldiers.
The 13th Amendment abolishes enslavement in the United States.
Freedmen's Bureau is established to aid freed African Americans.
In the United States, the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified. This overturns the Dred Scott case. It entitles all persons born or naturalized in the United States to citizenship and equal protection under the law. Civil rights are not extended to Indians or anyone who has held office in the Confederacy.
Life in the 1860s was close to the Industrial Revolution. Life was often hard but there were many things that were also beneficial, such as improved health care (the invention of the syringe greatly improved the quality of the health care available at the time).
The work of a woman seems to remain somewhat similar to previous decades. They remained mostly housewives and worked predominantly in the home cooking, making clothing, cleaning, etc. Some women, however, sought to have similar or the same jobs as men. Some women even attempted, some successfully, to join the military in the Civil War.
In the United States the first paper money is issued.
Homestead Act offers 160 acres of public land in the western United States to settlers willing to settle on the land for 5 years.
Congress initiates free mail delivery in cities.
Congress authorizes a five cent coin called the nickel.
The roles of men also remained the same, had hunting/gathering jobs as well as working on farms, etc. Many men joined the military during the Civil War.
Slavery was still an issue in the 1860s and was still causing a lot of problems. Many blacks, however, managed to sneak into the military or were recruited in the north, like in the 54th Massachusetts Regiment, which was an all-black regiment, excluding the commander.
The American Civil War begins on April 12, 1861 when Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War was fought over the secession of the Southern states because of disagreements on the issue of slavery. The American Civil War had, by percentage, the largest amount of casualties of every American war. The American Civil War ends with Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army surrendering to Union forces at the Appomattox Court House in Appomattox, Virginia on April 9, 1865
Abraham Lincoln became the President of the United States in 1861 at the beginning of the American Civil War. During his presidency, Lincoln was determined in his efforts to rejoin the Union, abolish slavery in the South, and free all slaves and give them equal rights. Lincoln was President of the United States until 1865 when he was assassinated at Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth.
South Carolina harbor is bombarded for 34 hours by Confederate forces after the U.S. Army commander failed to evacuate, thus starting the four years of conflict and the U.S. Civil War.
The Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania marks a turning point in the Civil War, as Confederate forces retreat to the South after losing this important battle.
Abraham Lincoln release the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all blacks who were enslaved in the Confederacy, became law.
The U.S. civil war has cut Russia off from its primary source of cotton. Cotton growing in Central Asia has become of greater importance to the Russians, and Russia sends its military into Central Asia, where people are sparse, largely tribal, economically undeveloped, and Muslim.
General Sherman and 62,000 Union soldiers sweep a 60-mile wide path of destruction in Georgia, severely weakening the Confederacy.
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is founded.
In the United States, the Republican Party has gained more seats in Congress, and Congress overrides President Andrew Johnson's veto of the "Reconstruction Act." An army, including a black militia, is sent to the South to enforce the law.
The United States Congress abolishes peonage in the territory of New Mexico.
The United States purchases the Alaska territory from Russia.
In the U.S., five all-black colleges are founded: Howard University in Washington D.C., Morgan State College in Maryland, Talladega College in Alabama, St. Augustine's College and Johnson C. Smith College in North Carolina.
Reconstructed governments had been set up in Arkansas, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina and South Carolina.
A skating congress is held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to set regulations for the increasingly popular sport of ice skating.
The Territory of Wyoming allows women to vote.
The National Woman Suffrage Association is formed with Elizabeth Cady Stanton as its first president.
The first collegiate American Football match was held in 1869 between Rutgers University and Princeton University.
The Territory of Utah allows women to vote.
In Pennsylvania a coal mine fire suffocates 179 men. The state responds by passing mine safety laws.
Oliver Winchester invented his repeating rifle, which could eject the spent cartridge and load an unfired cartridge into the chamber with a simple mechanical action. This made firing a rifle much faster than firing the previously used muskets. Winchester repeating rifles were used heavily in the Civil War by both sides, which in turn caused death tolls in the war rise.
On October 24, 1861, the Telegraph lines finally connected the East and West coasts of the United States. This made communication no longer rely on transportation.
The Kinematoscope was a device that used stereoscopic methods to create the illusion of a motion picture.
Experimental double-barreled cannons were invented in 1863. They were intended to fire two cannon balls that were connected to one another by a chain simultaneously.
The Gatling Gun, a hand-cranked automatic machine gun designed by Richard Gatling in 1861, was put into use by both the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War
The Rotary Printing Press was a device that could feed paper from a large roll and printing both sides of the paper at the same. This machine became the American standard for printing presses. It did, however, kill its inventor when he accidentally fell into one of the machine's presses.
Dynamite, a powerful explosive, was invented by Alfred Nobel. Dynamite was used extensively for many things. Some uses include: warfare, destroying items (buildings, wagons, etc.), mining, et cetera.
In 1868, the typewriter was invented. This invention was very prominent. This invention allowed individuals to create literary works without requiring ink pens. A skilled typist could type on a typewriter much faster than traditionally writing on a paper, while having more legible print. This invention could have possibly sparked literary interest in more people throughout the United States.
The modern military submarine boat was invented in 1869.