American Literature B 1861-1870

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Literature

Hawthorne

1860

Hawthorne: THE MARBLE FAUN

Emerson

1860

Emerson: CONDUCT OF LIFE

Harriet Jacobs

1861

Harriet Jacobs: INCIDENTS IN THE LIFE OF A SLAVE GIRL

Holmes

1861

Holmes: ELSIE VENNER

Rebecca Harding Davis

1861

Rebecca Harding Davis: LIFE IN THE IRON MILLS

Harriet Beecher Stowe

1863

Harriet Beecher Stowe: THE PEARL OF ORR'S ISLAND, a story of the coast of Maine ad the upbringing of strong women.

Historic Events

Georgia seceded

January 9, 1861

Lincoln inaugurated

March 4, 1861

Civil War

april 12, 1861 - april 9, 1865

Attack of Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

Fort Sumter in SC is attacked by Confederates
About: http://history1800s.about.com/od/timelines/a/Timeline-From-1860-To-1870.htm

Lee changes sides

april 20, 1861

Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the US army and takes Commission in the Confederate army
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Death of Col. Elmer Ellsworth

may 24, 1861

Death of Col. Elmer Ellsworth, law clerk and soldier

First Battle of Bull Run

july 21, 1861

First Battle of Bull Run (victory for Union forces), aka First Manassas (Confederate forces) in Virginia
About: http://history1800s.about.com/od/timelines/a/Timeline-From-1860-To-1870.htm

Battle of Ball's Bluff

october 21, 1861

Union forces defeated at the battle of Ball’s Bluff, Virginia
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Lincoln replaces Scott with McClellan

1 November 1861

Lincoln replaces General-in-chief Winfield Scott with George B. McClellan.
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Death of Prince Albert (Britain)

December 13 1861

Merrimac Ironclad attacks Cumberland

march 8 1862

Merrimac Ironclad attacks Cumberland
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Battle of Shiloh

april 6 1862 - april 7 1862

Farragut takes New Orleans for the Union

april 25 1862

Admiral David Farragut takes New Orleans for the Union
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Death of Thoreau

may 2 1862

Death of Henry David Thoreau
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Lincoln signs the Homestead Act

may 20 1862

Lincoln signs the Homestead Act
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Second Battle of Bull Run

august 1862

Second Battle of Bull Run, Second Manassas, Virginia
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Union troops defeated at Battle of Cedar Mountain

august 9 1862

Stonewall Jackson defeat Union troops at the Battle of Cedar Mountain
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Battle of Antietam

september 17 1862

Emancipation Proclamation

september 23 1862

Emancipation Proclamation is published to the newspapers in the North
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Battle of Murfreesboro

december 2 1862 - january 1863

Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Battle of Fredricksburg

december 13 1862

Battle of Fredricksburg, Virginia.
WSU: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Emancipation Proclamation signed

january 1 1863

Emancipation Proclamation signed

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

The battle between the union and confederate forces that took place in Gettysburg Pennsylvania .

New York Draft Riot

July 13, 1863

An uproar in response to the first national Conscription Act.

Gettysburg address delivered

November 19, 1863

A speech by Lincoln addressing the deaths and noticing the Union troops that died in the Civil War, he declared that a Soldiers' nation Cemetery be built.

Death of Archbishop John Hughes

January 3, 1864

an immigrant priest

Lincoln’s Reinauguration

March 14, 1865

End of Civil War

april 9, 1865

Lee's surrender to Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865

Lincoln shot

April 14, 1865 - April 15, 1865

died April 15 1865

grand army of republic formed

1866

Parade for St. Patrick's Day

March 17, 1866

polit. power of NY, irish)

South Carolina secedes

1/11860

South Carolina secedes from the Union

Culture

Birth of Edith Wharton

january 24 1862

Birth of Edith Wharton. Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist, short story writer, and designer.

Lincoln writes to Horace Greeley

august 22 1862

In a letter to Horace Greeley’s New York Tribute Lincoln writes, "If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that . . . . I have here stated my purpose according to my view of official duty, and I intend no modification of my oft-expressed personal wish that all men, everywhere, could be free."
http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1860.htm

Pictures of Alexander Gardner on display

october 1862

Pictures of Alexander Gardner on display. The public is shocked by the carnage depicted in the photographic prints.

African American troops recruited.

January 26, 1863

African American are able to serve in the Civil War legally

Lincoln signs the first nation Conscription Act

March 3, 1863

A draft that called for all males between the ages of 20 and 45, including aliens with the intentions of becoming Americans to fight in the war.

Proclaimed Thanksgiving

October 3, 1863

Lincoln proclaims Thanks Giving as a national holiday