Early History of Christianity

Main

Septuagint

200 BCE

Early 3rd & 2nd c BCE

Mystery Cults

50 ce - 150 ce

1st and 2nd c; foundation for Gnosticism

Didache

100 ce

Early 2nd c

Ignatius of Antioch

100 ce

Bishop of Antioch; Early 2nd c

Sacraments

100 ce

Baptism (early 2nd), Eucharist, Penance (early 3rd)

Docetism

120 ce

Early 2nd C; Jesus only appeared to be human

Gnosticism

150 ce

Mid 2nd c +

Montanism/New Prophecy

150 CE

Mid 2nd C

Marcion

150 ce

Mid 2nd C; No OT, no Jewish influence in NT

Apologists

160 ce

After persecutions, late 2nd c

Muratorian Canon

180 ce - 230 ce

Late 2nd/Early 3rd C; Oldest list of NT books close to our canon; Apostolicity, Orthodoxy, Catholicity, Public

Apostolic Tradition

180 ce

Late 2nd c; Apost. Succession

Tertullian

180 ce

Late 2nd c- early 3rd c; Trinity

Celsus, True Discourse

180 ce

late 2nd c, Pagan critic of Christianity

Women martyrs

185 ce

late 2nd- mid 3rd c; martyrdom : manliness

Penance

200 ce

Inner contrition, Verbal confession, Satisfaction

Pax Deorum

250 ce

mid 3rd c; Favor of Gods, justification for christian persecution

Cyprian

250 ce

Bishop of Carthage; Mid 3rd c; rigorist, subjective

Libelli, libellatici, lapsi

250 ce

Mid 3rd c; Libelli: sacrifice certificates; Libellatici: Christians who bought fakes; Lapsi: "fallen" apostates, did sacrifices or puchased libelli

Traditores

300 ce

4th c; Handed over scriptures in Persecution, betrayers

Edict of Milan

313 CE

early 4th c

Pachomius

323 ce

Early 4th c; Christian cenobitic monasticism

Homoousious

325 ce

Mid 4th c; Decided at council of Nicea

Athanasius

350 ce

Bishop of Alexandria; Current 27 book NT canon

Jewish Sects

370 CE

Pontifex Maximus

380 ce

Late 4th c; Constantine joining church and state

Monophysitism

450 ce

mid 5th c; Eutyches