Roman Civ. Exam #1

Main

Paleolithic Age

200,000 B.C. - 15,000 B.C.

Mesolithic Age

15,000 B.C. - 4,000 B.C.

Neolithic Age

4,000 B.C. - 1800 B.C.

Copper & Bronze Age

1800 B.C. - 1200 B.C.

Iron Age

900 B.C. - 700 B.C.

Pithecusae

800 B.C.

Greek Colony founded during the 8th century B.C.
- established for trading with the Etruscans
- the artifact "Nestor's Cup" was found here

Etruscans

Occupation of Rome

700 B.C.

Expansion

700 B.C. - 500 B.C.

Occupation of Campania

600 B.C.

Control of Corsica and Elba

540 B.C.

Fall of Etruscan Monarchy in Rome

509 B.C.

Expansion to the Po River Valley

500 B.C.

Contraction

500 B.C. - 300 B.C.

Etruscans Confined to Homeland

400 B.C.

Regal Rome

Romulus founds Rome

753 B.C.

April 21, 753 B.C.

Romulus is King of Rome

753 B.C. - 717 B.C.

Rape of the Sabine Women

Numa Pompilius - 2nd King of Rome

715 B.C. - 673 B.C.

Tullus Hostilius - 3rd King of Rome

673 B.C - 642 B.C.

Ancus Marcius - 4th King of Rome

640 B.C. - 616 B.C.

Lucius Tarquinias Priscus - 5th King of Rome

616 B.C. - 579 B.C.
  • also called Tarquin the Elder
  • of Etruscan decent

Servius Tullius - 6th King of Rome

578 B.C. - 535 B.C.

Lucius Tarquinias Superbus - 7th King of Rome

535 B.C. - 509 B.C.
  • Son of Tarquin the Elder
  • Of Etruscan decent
  • Was thrown out of office due to his son's raping of the noble woman Lucretia

Early Republic

500-264 B.C.

Lucius Tarquinias Brutus

509 B.C
  • Founder of the Roman Republic
  • Served one term in office
  • Succeeded after the Tarquins were thrown out of their monarchy

Roman Republic Founded

509 B.C

Expansion in Central Italy

496 B.C. - 407 B.C.
  • Romans vs. Latin League
    • Latini: 30 peoples in Latium (Lavinium)
  • Romans vs. Peoples of Central Italy

Plebeian Assembly Established

494 B.C.

The Struggle of the Orders

494 B.C. - 287 B.C.

Law of Twelve Tables

449 B.C.

Opening of Magistracies to the Plebeians

421 B.C. - 337 B.C.

421 B.C: Quaestor
367 B.C: Consul
366 B.C: Curule Aedile
337 B.C: Praetor

Conquest of Veii

407 B.C.

Romans vs. Etruscans

Sack of Rome by the Gauls

390 B.C.

The Gallic Invasion - Battle of Allia

390 B.C. - 387 B.C.

Second Invasion by the Gauls

360 B.C.

Third Invasion by the Gauls

349 B.C.

Samnite Wars: Roman Expansion in S. Italy

343 B.C. - 290 B.C.

Latin War

340 B.C. - 338 B.C.

Roman Power Restored

338 B.C.
  • Dissolution of the Latin League
  • Ius Latinum: the right to vote and marry

Gallic Treaty with Rome

331 B.C.

Battle of Caudine Forks

321 B.C.

Roman Conquest of N. Italy

311 B.C. - 264 B.C.

Boundary of Rome now fixed by the Rubicon River with the Cisalpine Gauls to the North

Roman Conquest of Magna Graecia

281 B.C. - 265 B.C.

Alliance of Tarentum with Pyrrhus of Epirus

281 B.C.

Battle of Heraclea

280 B.C.

Pyrrhic Victory

S. Italy under Roman Control

265 B.C.

Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean

Death of Alexander the Great

323 B.C.

Mamertine Incident

265 B.C.

Messana in Sicily occupied by the Mamertines

Conquest of the W. Mediterranean

264 B.C. - 146 B.C.

First Punic War

264 B.C. - 241 B.C.

Roman Invasion of N. Africa

256 B.C.

The War in Sicily: Phase 1

256 B.C. - 253 B.C.

Development of the Roman Navy and use of the Corvus

The War in Sicily: Phase 2

255 B.C. - 241 B.C.

Hamilcar Barca becomes new Carthaginian Commander

247 B.C.

The Illyrian Wars

229 B.C. - 219 B.C.
  • Illyria is becomes a client-state of Rome

Gallic Wars

225 B.C. - 222 B.C.

Extension of Roman territory to the Alps

Saguntum attacked by Hannibal

219 B.C.
  • Thus the crossing of the Ebro River

Alliance of Demeterius of Pharos

219 B.C.
  • Illyrian War

Second Punic War

218 B.C. - 202 B.C.

Battle of Cannae

216 B.C.

Roman Recovery from Hannibal's Campaign

215 B.C. - 203 B.C.

First Macedonian War

214 B.C. - 205 B.C.

Conquest of the E. Mediterranean

214 B.C. - 133 B.C.

Battle of Zama

202 B.C.
  • Romans ultimately defeat the Carthaginians

Second Macedonian War

200 B.C. - 196 B.C.

Battle of Cynoscephelae

197 B.C.

Roman Legion Maniple vs. Macedonian Army Phalanx

Proclamation of Flamininus

196 B.C.
  • Greece's proclamation of freedom by Flamininus at the Isthmian Games

War with Antiochus III and the Aetolians

192 B.C. - 189 B.C.

Third Macedonian War

171 B.C. - 167 B.C.

Battle of Pydna

167 B.C.

Sack of Epirus

167 B.C.

Third Punic War

149 B.C. - 146 B.C.

Massinissa attacks Carthage

149 B.C.
  • King of Numidia -- client king and state of Rome

Fourth Macedonian War

149 B.C. - 148 B.C.
  • Andriscus seizes power in Macedonia (149 B.C.)

War with the Achaeans

147 B.C. - 146 B.C.

146 B.C: L. Mummius is Roman commander

Final Destruction of Carthage

146 B.C.
  • creation of the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis

Sack of Corinth

146 B.C.

The Late Roman Republic

Gracchan Land Law

133 B.C.

Gaius Gracchus Elected Tribune

124 B.C.
  • Elected again in 123 B.C.

Invasion of Cimbri and Teutones Tribes

113 B.C. - 101 B.C.

The Juguthine War

111 B.C. - 105 B.C.

The Social War

90 B.C. - 88 B.C.

First Mithridatic War

89 B.C. - 85 B.C.
  • 80,000 Romans and Italians massacred on a single day in 88B.C.

Second Mithridatic War

83 B.C. - 82 B.C.

Sulla's Dictatorship

82 B.C. - 79 B.C.

Third Mithridatic War

74 B.C. - 63 B.C.

Co-Consulship of Crassus & Pompey

70 B.C.

Command against the Cilician Pirates

67 B.C. - 66 B.C.
  • 500 Ships
  • 40 Days swept the pirates out of the W. Mediterrannean
  • 49 Days after that Pompey forces them to surrender in Cilicia

Command in the East

66 B.C. - 63 B.C.

Catilinarian Conspiracy

63 B.C.

Est. of the First Triumvirate

62 B.C. - 59 B.C.
  • First Triumvirate: alliance between Pompey, Crassus & Caesar

Caesar's Conquest of Gaul

58 B.C. - 56 B.C.

Ceasar's 2 Excursions into Britain

55 B.C. - 54 B.C.

Caesar dissolution of the Gallic Tribe Revolt

54 B.C. - 51 B.C.

Division of the Imperium

54 B.C. - 49 B.C.
  • Pompey, Crassus & Caesar divide Rome into three parts, amongst themselves

Battle of Carrhae

53 B.C.

Civil War

49 B.C. - 46 B.C.

Battle of Pharsalus

48 B.C.

Dictatorship of Caesar

46 B.C. - 44 B.C.

Assassination of Caesar

44 B.C.

Ides of March: March 15, 44 B.C.