Europe After the Roman Empire

Timeline of the 20 most important events in Feudal Europe.

Europe Timeline

Rome Falls


Roman Emperor Romulus Augustus dethroned by barbarians. Rome collapses. The Dark Ages begin.

Clovis Reigns

481 - 511

Clovis was a warlike king. He led his people, the Franks, into war for almost his entire 30-year reign. He also led the Franks into into Christianity, as one of the only stable ties of the age was the church of Rome.

Clovis Becomes King


The 15-year-old warrior Clovis becomes King of the Franks. He was supported by the Church because it still wanted to serve Christians in the area, and King Clovis had introduced Christianity to his people.

Clovis's Death


Clovis's Territory Divided

511 - 751

When Clovis died, his kingdom was split between his four sons, Theuderic, Chlodomer, Childebert, and Clotaire. They continue to expand Frankish territory, but divided inheritance weakens the kingdom in the long run. His descendants squabble among themselves and this eventually lead to a new royal family.

Clotaire II Unites the Franks

613 - 639

Clotaire II, king of Neustria, a branch of Clovis's former kingdom, conquers his neighboring kingdoms of Austrasia and Burgundy. The Frankish kingdom is once again united. His son, Dagobert I keeps the Franks united until his death in 639.

Frankish Kings Lose Power

639 - 751

The last Frankish king with real power was Dagobert I. Until Pepin the Short becomes king in 751, the mayors of the palace have the real power in the Frankish Kingdom.

Charles Martel's Victory


Charles Martel, Mayor of the Palace, defeated Muslims from Spain and North Africa. This allowed northern Europe to remain firmly Christian.

New Royal Family


Martel's son, Pepin, becomes the Head of the Church and the King of the Franks. He was the first King that ruled with the blessing of the Church. Pepin's son, Charlemagne, also rules with the Church's blessing.

Charlemagne Reigns

768 - 814

Charlemagne's rule was dominated by war. He fought 60 campaigns, which was what caused him to rule such a large territory, for the conquered people accepted his as leader. As Emperor of the West, he dedicated himself to the Church. He copied their few books and made sure is people would be educated.

Carloman Dies


Charlemagne's brother, Carloman, had ruled alongside Charlemagne, but his unexpected death resulted in Charlemagne ruling all by himself.

The Saxons Are Rebellious

773 - 804

Charlemagne was dealing with resistance and fighting from the Anglo-Saxons during this time.

Charlemagne's Failure in Spain


Charlemagne goes south to Northern Spain to drive the Muslims out. He conquers the town of Pamplona, but cannot take any other cities under Islamic rule. He retreats, with nothing gained.

Charlemagne is Crowned Emperor


Pope Leo III crowns Charlemagne emperor of the Western Roman Empire so the Pope can gain his ruler's support.

Charlemagne Crowns His Son


Charlemagne calls his son Louis Pious to the court and crowns him to be co-emperor.

Charlemagne Dies


Charlemagne's Empire was under siege by Muslims and Vikings. But his people were going to have to cope with this without him, for Charlemagne died.

Charlemagne Contracts an Illness


Charlemagne gets pleurisy after going on an extended hunting trip. This is the illness that caused his death.

The Defence of Europe

869 - 899

Alfred the Great, King of the Anglo-Saxons, attacked invading Vikings from his base in Wessex.

Judaism Blossoms

900 - 1100

The Jews' work in literature and religion 'pours' out of Jewish academies and out of a scholar known as Rabbi Shlomo ben Isaac. He wrote about the Torah and the Talmud, and these writings are still studied by Jews and even Christians today.

William Conquers Europe


William's Norman army invades Europe and defeats Harold's Saxons at the famous Battle of Hastings. Using the feudal system, he divides the newly gained lands among his followers.



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