Rome

Main

753 BC Rome founded

753 bc

Romulus kills his brother Remus and founds Rome on Palatine Hill.

509 B.C

509 B.C

Republic established with Citizen voting system and Senate.

390 BC

390 BC

city sacked by Celtic raiders

287 BC

287 BC

plebeians gain right to make laws

284-241 BC

284 BC - 241 BC

first Punic war

275 BC

275 BC

Romans defeat king Pyrrhus, ending Greek ambitions in Italy

272 BC

272 BC

Romans complete conquest of Italian peninsula

218-202 BC

218 BC - 202 BC

Second Punic war

216 BC

216 BC

Carthaginian general Hannibal wins overwhelming victory over Romans at Cannae

202 BC

202 BC

Roman general Scipio defeats Hannibal at Zama

149-146 BC

149 BC - 146 BC

Third Punic war followed by Roman destruction of Carthage

146 BC

146 BC

Greece becomes Roman province

133 BC

133 BC

The tribune Tiberius Gracchus is assassinated after attempting to introduce land reforms

88 BC

88 BC

Beginning of fifty years of intermittent civil war

58 BC

58 BC

Julius Caesar begins conquest of Gaul

48 BC

48 BC

Caesar defeats Pompey and becomes dictator for life

44 BC

44 BC

Caesar assassinated

31 BC

31 BC

Octavian defeats Mark Antony ending civil wars

27 BC

27 BC

Octavian becomes Emperor Augustus

9 AD

9 AD

Three Roman legions annihilated by German tribes in the Teutoburger Forest ending Roman ambitions across thr Rhine

14 AD

14 AD

Death of Augusts

43 AD

43 AD

Start of Roman conquest of Britain