Gilded Age

Gilded Age

Native American Experience

Reservations (1851)

1851

<-- Indian Wars (1864-1877)

1864 - 1877

Little Big Horn (1876)

1876

Chief Joseph (1877)

1877

A Century of Dishonor (Helen Hunt Jackson) (1881)

1881

Assimilationists Begin (1881)

1881

Dowes Severalty Act (1887)

1887

Battle of Wounded Knee (1890)

1890

Indian Reorganization Act (1934)

1934

African American Experience

Segregation begins (1877)

1877

Booker T. Washington builds school (1881)

1881

Civil Rights Cases (1883)

1883

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

1896

130,334 African American voters (1896)

1896

Grandfather Clause/Literacy Tests (1898)

1898

1,342 African American voters (1904)

1904

Economy

Standard Oil Trust founded (1863)

1863

New York Central Railroad (1867)

1867

Union and Central Pacific combined (1869)

1869

Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)

1890

Panic of 1893

1893

U.S. Steel buys Carnegie Steel (1900)

1900

Court Cases

Munn v. Illinois (1877)

1877

Terence v. Powderly (1881)

1881

Interstate Commerce Act (1886)

1886

Wabash v. Illinois (1886)

1886

United States v. E.C. Knight (1895)

1895

In Re Debs (1895)

1895

Growth of Cities

Panic of 1873

1873

Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)

1882

First Skyscraper built (1885)

1885

Statue of Liberty placed in NY Harbor (1886)

1886

<-- New Immigrants arrive in America (1890-1914)

1890 - 1914

Ellis Island becomes immigration center (1892)

1892

Panic of 1893

1893

Labor Unions

National Labor Union founded (1866)

1866

Knights of Labor founded (1869)

1869

Great Railroad Strike (1877)

1877

American Federation of Labor founded (1886)

1886

Haymarket Bombing (1886)

1886

Homestead Strike (1892)

1892

Pullman Strike (1894)

1894

Inventions

Telegraph (Samuel Morse, 1844)

1844

Bessemer Process (1855)

1855

Transatlantic Cable (Cyrus Field, 1866)

1866

Air Brake (George Westinghouse, 1869)

1869

Telephone (Alexander Bell, 1876)

1876

High Voltage Current (George Westinghouse, 1885)

1885