Soviet army invades Afghanistan during the Afghan War to support the Afghan communist government, who was fighting against the anti-communist Muslim guerillas. The Soviets stayed there until February 1989 looking to set up their client state, but were unable to gain support, and the Afghan army was largely ineffective in the fight, so the war ended in a stalemate.
An Afghan boy, who took refuge in Pakistan with his family, scavenges through a dumpsite by an open drainage that flows under a bridge in Karachi, the trade capital of Pakistan. Photography. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016.
quest.eb.com/search/3003200814/1/3003200814/cite. Accessed 22 May 2019.