Its still unknown exactly how but early on the people started agriculture and domestication.Later then they had developed villages along the Indus river.
Indus Valley trading
2600 B.C - 1800 B.C
Gold and silver came from Afghanistan and semiprecious stones from Persia.The Indus river provided an easy way of transporting goods in and out.Because of this they could trade with distant p[people from far place.
The people of Indus Valley built strong levees and human made islands to keep water out of their cities.More than 100 settlements were found along the Indus and today's Pakistan. Kalibangan, Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were the largest cities.
Start of new dynasties
People of China would build settlements along the Huang He river.The first dynasty was the Xia dynasty.Their leader was named Yu.He found a way to control floods and farming projects to control the river.
The decline in culture
Tectonic plates had been shifting under Indus Valley.Which caused earthquakes,floods and changes in the Indus River,as well as the Sarswati.Great cities fell into decay,trade was impossible and soon cities began to die.
Shang dynasty rising to power
1700 B.C - 1027 B.C
There was a family who were the first to have written records.Because of that they made buildings and artifacts,as well as the first capital and city Anyang.
The beginning of the Aryans
The Aryans,nomadic people from the north invaded Indus Valley and its people.These Aryans later developed their civilization and the Indus Valley people followed along.
1027 B.C - 256 B.C
When Zhou had rose to power they brought new ideas,as like Mandate of Heaven.As well as introduce new inventions.
Who is Confucius ?
551 B.C - 479 B.C
Confucius grew up in a poor family yet he became a minister.He had many ideas that were later put out as a philosophy called Confucianism. Till this day it is still taught throughout China.
Sima Qian in unifying China
145 B.C - 85 B.C
Sima Qian was one of many writers who unified culture by recording China's history.He was called the Great Historian for his work.He complied the ancient dynasties history to Wudi.