US took over and rebuilt Japan following WWII. It built lasting trade relations between the two nations.
Communist Revolution in China (9)
1946 - October 1, 1949
Mao Zedong and the CCP overthrew the Chinese government. This led to a total upheaval in their economic and political system whose effects are still felt today.
Polio Vaccine (3)
March 26, 1953
Salk announced that he has successfully vaccinated against the first case of polio. His vaccine saved thousands of lives from the deadly disease in the following years.
Rosenbergs Executed (14)
June 19, 1953
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed for being Soviet spies. They were the first Americans to be executed for treason during peace, and it was a very controversial case.
Brown v. Board of Education (2)
May 17, 1954
A landmark case deciding that segregating schools based on race was unconstitutional. The desegregation of schools was one of the most important steps in establishing racial equality in the US.
Birth Control Approved (11)
May 9, 1960
The FDA approved the first birth control pill, labeled Enovid. This decision would lead to an increase in rights for married couples.
Berlin Wall Built (8)
August 13, 1961
Soviet officials put up a wall dividing East and West Berlin. It stood as a symbol of division between capitalism and communism for the next 28 years.
JFK Assassinated (12)
November 22, 1963
JFK got shot in the head while doing a parade through Dallas. This led to LBJ becoming president, and also a lot of conspiracies surrounding his death.
Civil Rights Act (1)
July 2, 1964
Prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It was a landmark case which greatly advanced civil rights for all Americans.
MLK Assassinated (13)
April 4, 1968
MLK was shot by James Earl Ray in Memphis. A prominent leader in the civil rights movement, his death sent shock waves throughout the nation and acted as a martyr for the movement. For some however, it caused a violent reaction and led to the end of their nonviolence.