Considered the father of Humanism for his humanistic papers and essays
The Hundred Year's War was a war between England and France over feudal disputes that lasted 116 years, with fighting divided over the course of that time.
A plague from rats imported from ships from Asia that caused the death of 1/3 of Europe
Period of relative peace and intellect throughout Italy that lead to a great deal of art and culture, ending with the sacking of Rome
Until 1450, the Italian Renaissance had little effect on Northern Europe. However, ideas began to spread, leading to a Renaissance period in northern Europe and ending after the Thirty Years' War
Period of European colonization and mercantilism which lasted from 1488 with the first European sailing around the Cape of Good Hope and ended around the time of the American Revolution in 1776
The Protestant Reformation began with Luther's posting of his 95 thesis and lasted until 1648, after the Thirty Years' War
Period of Scientific Growth where many 'natural philosophers' studied and learned a great deal about astronomy, biology, and other fields of science.
Period where efficiency of agriculture allowed for better quality of life and eventually lead to the Industrial Revolution
A period of enlightened growth and education leading into a more modern society, many philosophers debated what an ideal society was and what rights should exist.