Taking 250 days from departure ( England ) to final arrivel ( Botany Bay )
First governor - Captain Arthur Phillip
1788 - 1972
Captain Arthur Phillip was a Royal Navy officer in charge of the first fleet and the first governor of NSW.
New Holland changed to Australia
The name of the island is changed from New Holland to New Australia.
The settlement of Port Arthur is establish and will be later become the City of Melbourne.
Gold was discovered in the region of Victoria. Many people from Europe went to dig gold.
Great Britain stops sending convicts to Australia.
It is estimated that around 160,000 convicts were shipped to Australia between 1788 and 1868
All children must attend school.
A law is passed to say that children over the age of six must attend school.
The railroad between Sydney and Melbourne opens
In 1883 the NSW rail lines met with Victoria rail line.
Forming commonwealth of Australia
The colonies, NSW, Victoria, Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia united and formed the commonwealth of Australia. Edmund Barton serves as the first prime minister of Australia.