Mycenae v.s. Troy
Took place in Anatolia
Started because Paris (trojan) told Helen from king of Mycenae. King promised to avenge Paris.
Greeks won by tricking the Trojans with the Trojan Horse.
Helots rebel because of lack of freedom and rights. They are tired of being controlled and rebel against Spartan government.
Despite being outnumbered the Spartans won and defeated the helots.
This created a constant fear of uprising
Athens & Greeks against Persia &Anatolia
Persian wanted to conquer Greek City-States
Aegean Sea, Anatolia, and Marathon
Ambush of the Persians Pheidippides- man who ran 26.2 miles to warn Athens.
Final Blow - Persia is defeated and leaves for 10 years leaving Darius to die of embarassment over extreme loss.
Darius dead- Son Xerxes takes over prepared to avenge fathers death. Athens comes out victorious
Battles took place both and sea and land but because of geography land battles were difficult.
Sides were taken: Persia, Athens, Neutral
Sacrifice of the Spartans
7,000 Greeks 300 Spartans.
Narrow mountains added to the pressure.
Persians struggled to navigate through narrow water passages which made getting to land a struggle ( No use of army)
Athens surfaces Victorious!
Greek extremely wealthy
Veteran for Athens in the Peloponnesian War. Focused on individual action. Challeged authority, Socratic method: Teacher asks Student answers. Later went on trial for corrupting youth and was setenced to death. Taught on his death bed until the moment he died.
Increased the amount of public payed officals so all men had the chance to serve the government. Strengthed the direct democracy
Fighting begun later a plague attacked Athens killing 1/3 of population. After this a temporary truce was made for re-population. Athens made a bold move and attacked Sicily and later continued attacks. Athens surrendered because of lack or soldiers and lost power and wealth but NOT independence!
Student of Socrates. Focused on collective action. Wrote "
The Republican" Meritocracy- You must earn the right.
1. Philosopher of king
2. Educated Nobles / Generals
3. Regular Citizens
Brillant Student of Plato. Applied logic to science. Formed a formal school called " The Lyceum" Here he taught Alexander the Great.
Conquered extreme amounts of land in little time. Crushed Persia. Conquered Egypt and was welcomed creating Alexandria. Realtionship with soldiers formed a bond which allowed them to easily work together.