After the great Peloponnesian War Athens lost all hope and confidence in its government and questioned their values as citizens.A group of Greeks were determined to seek the truth to help the people of Athens during their time of struggles they were called philospohers. Philosophers mean "lovers of wisdom" and group of philosophers were called the Sophists they questioned peoples beliefs on moral ideas and justice. Three great men came from this great age: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Socrates encouraged his students and the people of Athens to examine their morals and think for themselves. Socrates made many enemies for telling people to do so and he was put on trial and filed as guitly for "corrupting the youth," and was sentenced to death. One of Socrates' student Plato was just in his 20s when his teacher was killed his most famous works is the Republic it explained his vison on the perfect govered society since a democracy was'nt working for Athens. In his final years he founded a school called, the Academy in 387 B.C.Finally, one of the Academy's brightest student came and his name was Aristotle. Aristotle founded his own school called the Lyceum. One of Aristotle's well-known students was Alexander the son of King Phillip II.