Spanish History

Main

Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

Romans victorious over Hannibal/Carthage

Numantia

133 BC

People kill themselves to avoid surrendering to the Romans

Visogoths set up capitol in Toledo

544

Recared converts to Christianity

589

Visogoth

No king after Wamba's death- Conflict

680 - 701

Roderic dies

711

Muslim warlords are asked to help Wamba's followers to defeat Roderic. The Muslim warlords realize how easily they could take control. Muslim control from Saudi Arabia

Beginning of Muslim Control

711

Covadonga

722

Christian military victory over Muslims

Al Andalus; capitol in Cordoba

756

Abd-al-Rahman I comes to Spain and names it Al-Andalus. He is an emir (has political control and not religious control)

Abd-al-Rahman III

912 - 961

Sets up Caliphate of Cordoba; wants to be caliph

Caliphate of Cordoba has control

929 - 1031

Alfonso IV takes Toledo

1085

Almoravids try to reestablish Islam

1086

Las Cortes Council - Leon

1188

Council meets at request of king, includes noblemen, townspeople, clergy, aristocracy, etc.

Alfonso VIII leads troops in victory over Muslims

1212

dominance by Christians

Las Navas de Tolosa

1212

Muslims retreat and Christians dominate on Iberian Peninsula

Fernando III el Santo retakes most of Spain

1213

Salamanca University est. by the Church

1220

Alfonso X manages cultural activity

1252 - 1284

Juan II struggles with nobles for abs. power

1406 - 1454

Shows that nobles have some power in the monarchy

Enrique IV King

1454 - 1474

Isabel may take the throne (married to Ferdinand)

1468

Christians defeat Muslims

1492

Altamira Cave art discovered

1879