Hannibal invades Italy
Spartacus the gladiator leads the slaves in an uprising
The Roman Empire begins as Caesar Augustus becomes the first Roman Emperor
Much of Rome burns. Legend has it that Emperor Nero watched the city burn while playing a lyre.
The Hadrian Wall is built. To keep out the barbarians a long wall is built across northern England.
Rome splits into two empires
The Visigoths sack Rome. This is the first time in 800 years that the city of Rome has fallen to an enemy.
The end of the Western Roman Empire and the fall of Ancient Rome. The last Roman Emperor Romulus Augustus is defeated by the German Goth Odoacer. This signals the start of the Dark Ages in Europe.
The Byzantine Empire comes to an end as it falls to the Ottoman Empire.