Taxation and Mercantilism

Taxation and Mercantilism

Mercantilism is basically the establishing of colonies to acquire resources from an area to earn profit and maintain a balance of trade.

Albany Plan for the Union

1754

A proposal created by Benjamin Franklin to unite a government for the thirteen colonies at the Albany Congress. It was one of the early attempts to unite the colonies under one government.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

A seven year war between England and France in the colonies of America. This included many of the native american tribes that inhabited the areas.

Proclamation of 1763

1763

The purpose of the proclamation was to organize Britain's colonies and to stabilize relations with Native Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases.

Quartering Act

1765

The Quartering Act required the colonies to house British soldiers in barracks provided by the colonies. This included colonist's homes, local inns and other places.

Declaratory Act

1766

It stated that the British Parliament’s taxing authority was the same in America as in Great Britain. It accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act.

Townshend Acts

1767

Acts that were designed to collect revenue from the colonists in America by putting customs duties on imports of glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.

Boston Massacre

1770

An incident in which British soldiers shot at civilians killing 5 men and injuring 6 others. The soldiers shot without order when in an argument with a group of civilians.

Boston Tea Party

1773

A political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston against the tax policy of the British government and the East India Company that controlled the tea imports to the colony.

Tea Act

1773

The act did not raise revenue from the colonies but bailed out the floundering East India Company, a key factor in the British economy. It was one of the final acts leading to the revolutionary war.

1st Continental Congress

1774

A convention of delegates from 12 colonies, excluding Georgia, meeting to discuss and respond to the recent passage of the Intolerable Acts by the British Parliament.

Intolerable Acts

1774

Acts that were put onto the colonists as punishment for the dumping of tea into the harbor at the Boston Tea Party. This included the Boston Port Bill, The Quebec Act and others.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

1775

The first military engagements of the Revolutionary War happening in the towns of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts near Boston.

Olive Branch Petition

1775

This petition was an attempt by the Continental Congress to avoid an all-out war and other possible serious conflicts between the colonies and Great Britain.

2nd Continental Congress

1775

A convention of delegates from 12 colonies, excluding Georgia, meeting to discuss the war effort from the colonies and working towards freedom from Great Britain.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The official declaring of independence of the colonies from Great Britain. It was written by Thomas Jefferson and supported by the Continental Congress.

Thomas Paine writes Common Sense

1776

A pamphlet published anonymously discussing and arguing for freedom from Britain. The greatest selling book in American history adjusting for population changes.

Articles of Confederation

1781

A document made by the Continental Congress attempting to establish a form of government for the 13 states. It later failed but served as a basis to the Constitution.

Treaty of Paris

1783

A treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary War and recognized the independence of the United States of America. It began talk in 1782 and was formally signed in 1783.