in 1959 Parks Commisioner Robert Moses began building an express way through the heart of the Bronx. As a result, the middle class neighbourhoods disappeared over night and were replaced by poorer families.
Jamaican Dub Music
Created by Jamaican DJs during the 1960s. Reggae records were significantly manipulating and reshaped, usually by removing the vocals.
Clive Campbell comes to the Bronx
Savage Seven - start of gang activity
Savage seven began terrorizing the neighbourhood. As the gang grew, they changed their name to the black spades. Started a surge of street gang activity.
2nd City Change
The completion of an apartment building on the northern edge of the Bronx accelerated the middle class leaving. This lead to many vacant and derelict buildings. 'Ghetto'
Rise of Graffiti
Used heavily by gangs as a way to mark territory and communicate.
Decline of Gang Activity
Gang activity reached its peak. Afrika Bambaataa, head of the black spades, leaves to become a DJ.
DJ Herc pioneers 'Break Beats'
Using popular fink and soul records, he would stretch the instrumental break by using two copies of the same record on two separate turn tables.
Start of break dancing
more and more ex gang members became involved in breakdancing, creating crews and challenging others to dance 'battles'.
Kool Herc forms First MC Team
Herc is hired as a DJ at the Hevalo Club. Hires Coke La Rock and Klark Kent to rhyme over his instrumental breaks during club sets. They became known as Kool Herc and the Herculoids.
Invention of 'The Scratch'
DJ Grand Wizard Theodore accidentally invents the technique.
808 Drum Machine
Roland creates the 808 drum machine. It has become the most used drum machine in history.