Untitled timeline

Main

Clive Campbell is born.

1955

the 'father' of hiphop

Afrika Bambaataa Born

1957

An american dj from the South Bronx, New York.

CITY CHANGES

1959

City Changes
in 1959 Parks Commisioner Robert Moses began building an express way through the heart of the Bronx. As a result, the middle class neighbourhoods disappeared over night and were replaced by poorer families.

Jamaican Dub Music

1960

Created by Jamaican DJs during the 1960s. Reggae records were significantly manipulating and reshaped, usually by removing the vocals.

Clive Campbell comes to the Bronx

1967

2nd City Change

1968

The completion of an apartment building on the northern edge of the Bronx accelerated the middle class leaving. This lead to many vacant and derelict buildings. 'Ghetto'

Savage Seven - start of gang activity

1968

Savage seven began terrorizing the neighbourhood. As the gang grew, they changed their name to the black spades. Started a surge of street gang activity.

Rise of Graffiti

1970

Used heavily by gangs as a way to mark territory and communicate.

DJ Herc pioneers 'Break Beats'

1973

Using popular fink and soul records, he would stretch the instrumental break by using two copies of the same record on two separate turn tables.

Decline of Gang Activity

1973

Gang activity reached its peak. Afrika Bambaataa, head of the black spades, leaves to become a DJ.

Start of break dancing

1974

more and more ex gang members became involved in breakdancing, creating crews and challenging others to dance 'battles'.

Invention of 'The Scratch'

1975

DJ Grand Wizard Theodore accidentally invents the technique.

Kool Herc forms First MC Team

1975

Herc is hired as a DJ at the Hevalo Club. Hires Coke La Rock and Klark Kent to rhyme over his instrumental breaks during club sets. They became known as Kool Herc and the Herculoids.

808 Drum Machine

1978

Roland creates the 808 drum machine. It has become the most used drum machine in history.

The sugar hill gang- 'rappers delight'

1979

The fat back band

1979

Grandmaster flash

1979