Hip-Hop Timeline

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Clive Campbell Born

1955

THE FATHER IS BORN!
HIP-HOP CLIVE CAMPBELL, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS "DJ COOL HERC" WAS BORN.
KNOWN AS THE FATHER OF HIP-HOP.
BORN IN KINGSTON, JAMAICA.

Afrika Bambaata Born

1958

American DJ from the south Bronx.
Instrumental in the early development of hip-hop in the 80's.

City Changes

1959

Park Commissioner Robert Moses began building an expressway through the heart of the Bronx. As a result, middle class Italian, German, Irish, and Jewish neighbourhoods disappeared overnight. Families replaced with poor black and hispanic families.
Crime, drug addiction and unemployment were affluent.

Jamaican Dub Music

1960

Dub was created by Jamaican DJ's in the 60's. Reggae records were significantly manipulated and reshaped, usually by removing vocals from an existing music piece and emphasising the drum and bass parts.
Cliva Campbell would later copy this style using funk and Solo Records of the 1970's.
"Toasting" was done by an MC who kept the crowd entertained and under control.

Clive Campbell to Kool Herc

1967

Clive Campbell migrates to the Bronx from Jamaica at age 12.
At school because of his size he was called 'Herc'.

Savage Seven and start of gang activity

1968

Apartment complexes were terrorised by a gang called the 'Savage Seven'.
Start of gangs in the Bronx.
They changed their name to the 'Black Spades'.

City Changes again

1968

15,000 apartment complexes built.
Accelerated the middle class leaving
led to loads of derelict buildings to harbour crime and gang activity.

Rise of Graffiti

1970

Significance of graffiti to hip-hop culture is tremendous, was the cornerstone of inner-city self expression.
Heavily used by gangs as a way to mark territory and communicate.

DJ Herc pioneers "Break Beats"

1973

Using popular funk and soul records people enjoyed dancing to he would stretch the instrumental break of the song by using two copies of the same record on two turntables, mixing between the two records to extend the break.

Decline of gang activity

1973

Afrika Bambaata became leader of the Black Spades at it's peak and left to start the peaceful Zulu nation and became a DJ.
Park jams and block parties led to less gang activity and it declined.

Start of Break Dancing

1974

Derived from special dancers that would specifically dance in the breaks of songs.
Dance battle's started between gangs.
B-Boys.

Kool Herc forms first MC team

1975

Hires Coke Le Rock and Clark Kent to rhyme over his instrumental breaks during club sets. This was hip-hops first MC team.
They became known as Kool Herc and the Herculoids.

Invention of "The Scratch"

1975

DJ Grand Wizard Theodore accidentally invents the scratch technique where a moving record is moved back and forth on the turntable, which is an essential part of hip-hop DJ'ing.

808 Drum machine

1978

Roland 808 drum machine invented. Become the most used drum machine in history.

Sugarhill gang release "Rapper's Delight"

1979

Samplers introduced

1979

The Fatback Band released "Kim Tim III"

1979

First international hip-hop hit.

Grandmaster Flash and his Furious Five

1979

Known as one of the greatest MC groups of all time.