Medieval Europe

Overview

Merovingian Period

450 CE - 750 CE

The Franks emerge as strongest Germanic tribes. The early rulers (taken from Merowech), hold power for about 300 years.

Charlemagne's Reign

768 CE - 814 CE

1) Solved local issues, stopped feuds, protected weak and raised army. 2) Messengers would go on anual inspections and report back. 3) Charlemagne himself went on inspections (peripatetic). 4) Forceful personality holds empire together.

Feudalism

800 CE - 1200 CE

Localized form of gov’t that stresses relationship of kings and nobles, decentralized.

Specific Dates

Clovis

496 CE

Clovis becomes the first Germanic ruler to accept Catholicism. Military victories and religious conversion led to throne stability.

Decline of Franks

700 CE

The Battle of Tours

732 CE

Charles "The Hammer" Martel rushes to Europe and defends the Europeans at the hands of the Muslims. The victory won him honor and sustained Christianity, the Muslims didn't come back.

Charlemagne

768 CE

Charlemagne becomes king. One gov't under one king, doubles borders to include Germany, France, northern Spain and most of Italy, formed schools (even though he was illiterate), preserved Roman manuscripts.

Charlemagne Goes to Rome

December 25, 800 CE

Charlemagne defend Pope Leo III from power hungry nobles. Leo crowns him king and creates an alliance between church and gov't. This helped, BUT the pope was indirectly saying that the monarchs were more powerful than the rulers.

Charlemagne Dies

814 CE

He's buried in Aachen and his son Luis The Pious succeeds him.

Treaty of Verdun

843 CE

They agree to divide the Frankish Empire...
Charles the Bald - western part (present-day France).
Louis the German - eastern part (present-day Germany).
Lothair - strip of land stretching from North Sea southward to Italy.