Chapter 19

Main

China

First Opium War

1839 - 1842

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Treaty of Nanjing

1842

Taiping Uprising

1850 - 1864

Massive Chinese rebellion that devastated much of the country between 1850 and 1864; it was based on the millenarian teachings of Hong Xiuquan. (pron. tie-PING)

Taiping establish capital at Nanjing

1853

Second Opium War

1856 - 1858

Boxer Rebellion

1898 - 1901

Ottoman Empire

Selim III

1789 - 1807

Ottoman sultan (r. 1789–1807) who attempted significant reforms of his empire, including the implementation of new military and administrative structures. (pron. seh-LEEM)

Napoleon's Invasion of Egypt

1798

Selim III murdered

1807

Greek Independence

1832

Tamzimat begins

1839

Important reform measures undertaken in the Ottoman Empire beginning in 1839; the term “Tanzimat” means “reorganization.”

Sultan Abd al-Hamid

1876 - 1909

Bulgarian independence

1878

Serbian Independence

1878

Occupation of Egypt

1882

Young Turk Revolution

1908

Japan

Tokugawa shogunate

1600 - 1850

Rulers of Japan from 1600 to 1868.

Matthew Perry in Tokyo Bay

1853

Perry was a U.S. navy commodore who in 1853 presented the ultimatum that led Japan to open itself to more normal relations with the outside world.

Meiji restoration

1868

Japanese Constitution

1889

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

Ending in a Japanese victory, this war established Japan as a formidable military competitor in East Asia and precipitated the Russian Revolution of 1905.

Europe

Congress of Berlin

1878