Sinti & Roma

Main

First Persecution of Gypsies

1933

Forced Sterilization

1934

First Forced Labor Camps are Created for Gypsies

1935

Gypsies defined as an ‘alien race’

1936

Aren’t allowed to marry anyone not of ‘alien’ race

Over 2,000 Sinti and Roma sent to concentration camps, many died

1938

WWII Starts

1939

2,500 Sinti and Roma relocated to occupied Poland

1940

Officially declared that Sinti and Roma must be exterminated

1941

Mass shooting of Sinti and Roma start

1942

5,000 are sent to a ghetto at Litzmannstadt where 600 die, survivors are gassed

23,000 Sinti and Roma are sent to Auschwitz where most die

1943

By disease, hunger, or brutality, or become experiments to doctors

6000 Sinti and Roma still at Auschwitz, some sent to labor camps elsewhere

1944

2879 murdered in gas chambers instead

WWII ends, Sinti and Roma given freedom

1945

They do not escape prejudices against them still