Untitled timeline

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Inventions

Cotton Gin

1793

Cotton gin reduced the amount of time and the cost of separating the cotton seeds from valuable white fiber. Also increased slavery.

First Textile Mill

1793

Samuel Slater built the first water-powered textile mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.

First Full Operational Mill

1811

Francis Cabot Lowell built the first fully operational mill in which all operations in the manufacturing of cloth occurred.

Telegraph

1837

Allowed electrical pulses to travel long distances along metal wire as coded signals. The code of dots and dashes is called Morse code after its inventor.

Transportation

Steamboat

1803

Made travel time twice as short and unlocked the great potential of the Mississippi River Basin for moving people and goods

Erie Canal

1825

The Erie Canal ran 363 miles across New York State from Lake Erie to the Hudson River.

Foreign Affairs

Adam-Onis Treaty

1821

Ended Spanish claims to the vast Pacific Coast territory of Oregon and Florida.

Monroe Doctrine

1823

The Monroe Doctrine warned the European powers not to interfere in the affairs in the western hemisphere.

Texas War for Independence

1835 - 1836

Texans rebelled against the Mexican rule and declared their independence and adopted a republican constitution.

Mexican American War

1846 - 1848

Gadsden Purchase

1853

The United States obtained from Mexico another 29,640 square miles in southern Arizona and New Mexico.

Domestic Affairs

McCulloch v. Maryland

1819

The court decided that the Federal government had the right and power to set up a federal bank and that the states did not have the power to tax the federal government.

Missouri Compromise

1820

Stated that the northern district of Massachusetts would enter the Union as the free state of Maine to balance the admission of Missouri as a slave state.

Oregon Trail

1836

A trail that turned northwest at South Pass to reach Oregon Country.

Trail of Tears

1838 - 1839

The Indians were forced to give up their lands and move

Wilmot Proviso

1846

Bans slavery in any lands won from Mexico.

Seneca Falls Convention

1848

The nation's first Women's RightsConvention

California Gold Rush

1848

Gold was discovered by workers at John Sutter's mill and attracted thousands of settlers to California.

Clay's Compromise of 1850

1850

Clay offered agreements so that both the North and South got their fair share of things. As a result of this, the balance of the Senate was now with the free states, although California often voted with the South on many issues in the 1850's.

Temperance Movement

1851

The temperance movement was an effort to end alcohol abuse and the problems created by it.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Kansas became a slave state and Nebraska would organize as a free state.

Sumner's Beating

1856

Sumner was attacked by South Carolina senator Andrew Butler's nephew a few days after Sumner insult Andrew Butler.

Slavery

Nat Turner Slave Revolt

1831

He Intended to capture a nearby armory and gain more weapons and along the way to the armory, him and his followers killed nearly 60 people before getting stopped by a local militia.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

The novel spread compassion for enslaved people in the North and infuriated people in the South.

John Brown's Raid

1859

John Brown led 21 men and took over a weapons cache with the hopes of the slaves in the area joining them. No slaves came to join these 21 men and they were killed at the weapons cache.