Sullivan US History Timeline

Transportation/Invention

Steamboat Engine

1769

James Watt patented and improved the steamboat engine which ushered in the start of the industrial revolution.

Steamboat Built

August 22, 1787

John Fitch made the first successful trial of the steamboat on the Delaware River

Steamboat Patent

August 26, 1791

John Fitch was granted the US steamboat patent, after a battle with James Rumsey who had similar inventions.

Cotton Gin

1793

Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney

First Factory

1793

Slater Mill was the first factory opened in the US

Telegraph

1794

Claude Chappe invented the non-electrical telegraph

First Toll Road

1799

Some of the major roads in New York and Connecticut became Toll Roads

Interchangeable Parts

July 1801

Eli Whitney presented a gun with 10 interchangeable parts, which led to the invention of interchangeable parts for almost anything.

National Road

1811

Went from Cumberland, Maryland to Vandalia, Illinois

Lowell Factory

1813

Lowell Mill Girls opened and allowed women to work making textiles in a factory.

Erie Canal

1825

Created transportation access into New York

Railroads

1830 - 1860

Railroads are replacing transportation with canals, railroads are popping up everywhere in United States

Steel Plow

1837

John Deere invented and sold the Steel Plow to other farmers.

What hath God wrought?

May 24, 1844

The first phrase is sent over 40 miles using a telegraph.

Foreign Affairs

Monroe Doctrine

December 2, 1823

Told European countries that colonizing in Americas would be considered hostile acts.

Texas Revolution

1835 - 1846

Texas fighting with Mexico to claim its land that they both thought they owned.

Domestic Affairs

Tariff of 1816

1816

Increased the pricing of foreign goods, forced people to use Domestic products.

McCulloch v. Maryland

1819

Maryland was taxing federal banks and McCulloch forgot to pay the tax and was going to be punished, so he took it up with the supreme court.

Missouri Compromise

1820

Maine was added as a free state and Missouri was added as a slave state

Trail of Tears

1838 - 1839

When Native Americans were forced to march and find new land, now Oklahoma, after being kicked out of Georgia, Tennessee, and Alabama

Wilmot Proviso

August 8, 1846

David Wilmot tried to make all the land claimed by the US from the Mexican American War would be declared free territory as opposed to slave territory.

California Gold Rush

January 24, 1848 - 1855

People rushed to California to seek out their fortune in gold mining.

Seneca Falls Convention

July 1848

Women bringing women together to discuss their roll in society.

Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

1st President

John Adams

1797 - 1801

2nd President

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

3rd President

James Madison

1809 - 1817

4th President

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

5th President

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

6th President

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

7th President

Martin Van Buren

1837 - March 4, 1841

8th President

William Harrison

March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841

9th President, died of pneumonia 32 days into office.

John Tyler

April 4, 1841 - 1845

10th President

James Polk

1845 - 1849

11th President

Zachary Taylor

1849 - 1850

12th President

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

13th President

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

14th President

Expansion

LA Purchase

1803

Thomas Jefferson bought land from Louisiana up to Canada

Oregon Trail

1811 - 1840

Farmers and Nomads decided to take this trail to live in the newly discovered Oregon. A very harsh journey though.

Adams-Onis Treaty

1819

Added Florida as a state

Missouri Compromise

1820

Added Missouri and Maine as States

Oregon Trail

1840

Trails people took to settle in Oregon and Washington

Mexican-American War

1844 - 1846

War fought over Texas territory, United States won.

Gadsden Purchase

December 30, 1853

Purchase the lower part of Arizona and New Mexico for America

Social

2nd Great Awakening

1790 - 1840

People started finding their religion and joining churches and building churches.

Temperance Movement

1826

American Temperance Society was formed and worked against alcohol.

Public School Movement

1837

Horace Mann was appointed secretary of the Board of Education, which he created free public schools that were funded by the government.

Slavery

Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt

July 2 1822

Denmark Vesey incited one of the biggest slave revolts during pre-civil war time period. Charleston, South Carolina

The Liberator

1831

An anti-slavery, weekly newspaper, started by William Lloyd Garrison.

Nat Turner Slave Revolts

August 1831

Nat Turner incited a slave revolt, killing 55-65 white people, took place in Southampton County, Virginia.

Underground Railroad

1834 - 1865

The path from the south to the north that freed slaves.

Frederick Douglass Autobiography

1845

Frederick Douglass, a black slave, wrote about his life as a slave in an autobiography.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

March 20 1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe published this book which was an anti-slavery novel, it opened people's eyes to the horrors of slavery.

Lincoln Douglas Debates

1858

Debates between the two main presidential candidates, mainly about slavery.

John Brown's Raid

1859

He tried to start an armed revolt with escaped slaves in Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

Civil War

Compromise of 1850

1850

Henry Clay devised the Compromise of 1850 which made some people happy and ended up delaying the Civil War for 10 more years.

Kansas - Nebraska Act

1854

An act which added Kansas and Nebraska as states.

The Beating of Sumner

May 22 1856

Congressmen Preston Brooks of North Carolina beat Charles Sumner of Massachusetts, this increased the tension between the north and the south.

Southern Succession

1860

When Lincoln was elected, the southern states decided to succeed and form the Confederacy.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Civil War between the confederates and the union.