The Shift from Representative Government to Responsible Government


The Need for Change


People were unhappy because of the unfair voting system. only British citizents (male over 21 were able to vote) If you did not own or rent a year round home you could not vote. First nation could not vote, and black colonists could vote, but only those who meet the property qualifications.

The impact of Joseph Howe


Joseph Howe was one of the most famous polititians of the mid-1800s. He publish a news paper called novascotian. On new year's day in 1835, he published a letter criticizing the magistrates. The magistrates didn't like Howe saying these things and brought him to court. On the main day of his trial, Howe spoke for 6hours about how the power of the elite was unfair. He was found not guilty and got elected to the assembly the next year.

The Rebellions in Lower and UpperCanada

1837 - 1838

1837, Reformers in Upper and Lower Canada led rebellions to try to remove the erite from power. The most important result of it was that in 1841 it created the provins of Canada.

Lord Durham's Report


The report said
1 Join the two colonies of Canada and Lower Canada into one colony called the Province of Canada.
2 Give the Province of Canada responsible government.

Responsible Government Achieved in Nova Scotia


Jame Boyle Uniacke was the leader of the party at the time. Because he was the leader of the party that won the election, he become the first premier of Nova scotia and had the right to choose who would be on the Executive Council.

Responsible Government in Province of Canada


Joined forces to create an Assembly strong enough to make responsible government possible.

Responsible Government in Prince of Canada


The Assembly fought back by not passing any bills or voting any money for government use. In the past, the Lieutenant-governor would have just got rid of the Assembly and made decisions on his own.

Responsible Government in New Brunswick


With regards to the question of how the income from timberland would be spend, the assembly was given the right to control it, even before the colony got responsible government. This movement was led by Lemuel Allan Wilmot and Charles Fisher.

Responsible government in Newfoundland


There were differences in opinion between the English merchants who were appointed to the Legislative and Executive councils and the men who were elected to the Assembly. While the appointed leaders were almost always members of the church of England, over half the population was made up of people of Irish-Roman Catholic heritage. It was when the Roman Catholic and Methodist politicians decided to join together to fight for reform that demand for responsible government in Newfoundland became strongest.