Period 4 timeline



End Of British slave trade


Less slaves were being transported to english colonies in the americas. The african population could now grow as now more and more countries were stopping slave trading as wage labor was used more often.

European Voyages

Shades of Blue

Beginning of Portuguese Slave trade


The portuguese began with relations with the Kingdom of the Kongo. The slaves would be traded across the atlantic to brazil and other nations in the america's. The importance as it lead to the transferring of many african's from africa to the america's eventually making an impact economically in places like Brazil.

Dias' Voyage to the Indian ocean


Bartolomeu Dias made a voyage to fin an alternate route to the indian ocean basin. In 1488 he rounded the Cape of Good Hope. The route was there and now open

Columbus's First Voyage

1492 - 1506

He opened up the voyages to the west. He found the caribbean islands. He had not yet known what land he had found since his calculations were off and he thought he had found the spice islands

Spanish Conquest of Mexico

1519 - 1521

Spanish conquistadors pressed to push to the mainland of the Americas. They moved west to capture mexico, panama, and Peru. Hernan Cortes toppled the Aztec empire with a small band of men.

Spanish Conquest of Mexico

1519 - 1521

Spanish conquistadors pressed to push to the mainland of the Americas. They moved west to capture mexico, panama, and Peru. Hernan Cortes toppled the Aztec empire with a small band of men.

Spanish Armada


King Phillip II sent the spanish armada out to force england to return to the catholic church . Flotilla of 130 ships and 30,000 men.

Establisment of first colony in Australia


There is a theory believe the colonization of australia was a way to transfer convicts out of the british prison system. British government system was transferred with all these people that were transferred.


Shades of Green

Ottoman Empire

1289 - 1923

Expanded into the Balkans with military force. Mehmed captured Constantinople and changed it into Istanbul the capital of their empire. They had an absolute monarchy and kept expanding obtaining more and more fertile land filled with oppertunities of trade.

Songhay Dynasty

1464 - 1591

Emerged as dominant power of western grasslands. Based on trading city of Gao. It was a flourishing city state. They originally had dismissed all Mali rule and raided areas in the Mali territory.

Safavid Dynasty

1501 - 1629

The main religion was Twelver shiism. Before they officially announced they changed their religious views multiple times to gain popular support. Sha Abbas moved the capital and revitalized the empire. He encouraged trade with different people's. He also sought european assistance against the ottomans.

Mughal Dynasty

1523 - 1707

Babur, Akbar, and Aurangzeb were the main rulers of the mughal dynasty. The Mughal dynasty was situated on the subcontinent of India. Babur consolidated his power and conquered the land, Akbar made peace by making all religions views pronounced, and Aurangzeb disproved Akbar's thoughts and policies..

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

Manchu's roamed into the area and took over only the second succesful time a foreign people was ruling over china. centralized government and organized a powerful military force. Kangxi was a confucian scholar who used confucianism in his policies, he also cared for his people as he made multiple rounds around his state to see if everyone had a job, food, and shelter.

Leaders/ Conqueror's


Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Conquered the port of cueta. He also sponored a series of voyages down the western coast of africa. Trading posts were created, where traded goods could be exchanged for slaves and gold

Mehmed the Conqueror

1451 - 1481

He expanded the ottoman empire to the east and captured the crucial trading center of constantinople, which became the new capital. Laid foundation of a centralized government, an absolute monarchy.

Sunni Ali

1464 - 1493

He expanded the Songhay empire and captured trading cities such as Timbuktu, and Jenne. Used the wealth of these cities to his advantage. He dominated the central Niger valley. He created an imperial navy to patrol the Niger river since it was and important commercial highway

Suleyman the Magnificent

1520 - 1566

He promoted expanding to expanding into Europe and and south west Asia. He conquered Baghdad and captured the tigris and Euphrates river valleys. They became a naval power by inheriting the navy from other nations.

Akbar the great

1556 - 1605

Consolidated his power in India. Encouraged education. Invited all religions to come together and discuss, views and morals about each. This will provide certain peace and unity that India lacked before

Reign of Emperor Wanli

1572 - 1620

Diligent emperor. He was able to diminish mongol threat. In the later years of his reign emperor wanli extorted money from the government and people. He became disengaged with his people.

Tokugawa shogunate

1600 - 1616

controlled the wealthy class (daimyo), destroyed castles so that they would have to live in Edo. They started having good relations with European mariners, in which they brought goods over such as guns.

Important philosphers, thinkers, and scientists

Shades of purple

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

He was a prolific and talented writer. He innitiated the catholic church reformation by attacking the church on there sales of indulgences

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

He was a french lawyer who convereted to protestant christianity. He went and then formed a protestant community and imposed a strict code of morality

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

He was an astronomer. He found out by viewing the stars the universe was much more vast that percieved originally. Terrestrial motion was researched and he found out that weight did not matter it was where the original motion occured

John Locke

1632 - 1704

He was a political theorist, one of the most influential enlightened thinkers of the time. His political theory believed human nature was characterized by reason and tolerance

War and Peace


Treaty of Tordesillas


a decree ordered by Pope Alexander IV, it gave the Spanish any land west of a line draw to show a boundary, and the Portuguese would get any unclaimed land to the east.

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

started out a religious war with conflicts between the protestants, and the roman Catholics The roman catholic church was trying to force subjects back into the church, and they opposed

Peace of Westphalia


Ended the thirty years war. All who agreed in the terms of the agreement they regarded one another as equal, and recognized their rights to organize their own domestic affairs, including religious ones

Seven Year's War

1756 - 1763

Global conflict on different lands.Laid foundation for 150 years of British hegemony. Britain and Prussia battled against France, Austria, and Russia.



Founding of the society of Jesus


St. Ignatius Loyola had a devestating leg wound and while he was recovering he read many spiritual works as well as accounts of saints lives. He decided he would devote his energy to religious work. The society of Jesus attempted to influence and promote policies that benefited the Roman Church. Jesuits members of the society of jesus were prominent christian missionaries

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Assembly of bishops, cardinals, and other church officers. They defined elements of roman catholic theology