Metternich was the Austrian prince and devoted servant of the Hapsburg emperor.
Principle of Legitimacy.
Leader of Concert of Europe.
1783 - 1830
Led Venezuela revolution.
Led three to four other revolutions.
Firm advocate of both independence and a republic.
Revolution in Haiti
1791 - 1804
First revolution that slaves revolted and succeeded.
1800 - 1819
Clubs of college students that come together to discuss government and how Parliament should be reformed.
The major pillars of Conservatism are landed aristocracies, established churches, and legitimate monarchies.
Conservatives desired an aristocratic government.
Liberalism is the support for representative government dominated by the propertied classes and minimal government interference in the economy.
Ferdinand VII of Spain
1814 - 1833
Ferdinand VII of Spain was the man who was placed on the French throne after Napoleon’s downfall.
He promised to govern according to a written constitution but then failed to do so.
British Corn Law of 1815
The British Corn Law of 1815 was a law that maintained high prices for domestically produced grain.
Nationalism is the belief that one is part of a nation, defined as a community with its own language, traditions, customs, and history that distinguish it from other nations and make it the primary focus of a person’s loyalty and sense of identity.
The Coercion Acts of 1817 were laws that temporarily suspended habeas corpus and extended existing laws against seditious gatherings.
The Six Acts were a series of laws which was passed to prevent radical leaders from agitating and to give the authorities new powers.
The Peterloo Massacre was when liberalists were having a mass meeting about demanding the reform of Parliament and the aggravated the Calvary which resulted in them charging into the crowd and killing about eleven people.
These decrees dissolved the Burschenschaften by forbidding students to come together in clubs.
People revolted against Ferdinand VII of Spain because he was nor following the constitution and he then agreed to follow it.
The Concert of Europe
The Concert of Europe was a new arrangement for resolving mutual foreign policy issues.
Their goal was to balance the power against new French aggression and against military might of Russia.
The Protocol of Troppau
The Protocol of Troppau was a declaration that asserted stable governments might intervene to restore order in countries experiencing revolution.
It was successful because it helped in Naples.
The Greek Revolution
The Greek Revolution of 1821 was significant because illustrious writers became supportive and participated in the Revolution.
It resulted in Greece being its own kingdom.
The “Eastern Question” was: What should the European powers do about the Ottoman inability to assure political and administrative stability in its possessions in and around the eastern Mediterranean?
1824 - 1830
Charles X was the brother of Louis XVIII, the count of Artois, and was the leader of the ultraroyalist faction.
Firm believer in rule by divine right.
The Decembrist Revolt in Russia
The Decembrist Revolt in Russia was a revolt by people who wanted a constitutional government and the abolition of serfdom.
Nicholas I of Russia
1825 - 1855
Nicholas I of Russia was the most extreme form of autocracy in the nineteenth-century.
Catholic Emancipation Act
The Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829 was an act that was passed by Parliament that allowed Roman Catholics from Ireland to represent Ireland in Parliament.
Led by Daniel O'Connell.
July Revolution of 1830
The July Revolution of 1830 was a naval expedition against Algiers sent by Polignac.
It was in response to the surprising victory of the liberals in Charles X’s new election.
The result was Louis the Phillippe succeeding Charles X instead of his grandson.
The Great Reform Bill
The Great Reform Bill of 1832 was a law that expanded the size of the England electorate.
Instituted by the Whig ministry.