Liberalism is the support for representative government dominated by the propertied classes and minimal government interference in the economy.
Ferdinand VII of Spain
1814 - 1833
Ferdinand VII of Spain was the man who was placed on the French throne after Napoleon’s downfall.
He promised to govern according to a written constitution but then failed to do so.
British Corn Law of 1815
The British Corn Law of 1815 was a law that maintained high prices for domestically produced grain.
Nationalism is the belief that one is part of a nation, defined as a community with its own language, traditions, customs, and history that distinguish it from other nations and make it the primary focus of a person’s loyalty and sense of identity.
The Coercion Acts of 1817 were laws that temporarily suspended habeas corpus and extended existing laws against seditious gatherings.
The Peterloo Massacre was when liberalists were having a mass meeting about demanding the reform of Parliament and the aggravated the Calvary which resulted in them charging into the crowd and killing about eleven people.
The Six Acts were a series of laws which was passed to prevent radical leaders from agitating and to give the authorities new powers.
The “Eastern Question” was: What should the European powers do about the Ottoman inability to assure political and administrative stability in its possessions in and around the eastern Mediterranean?
The Greek Revolution
The Greek Revolution of 1821 was significant because illustrious writers became supportive and participated in the Revolution.
It resulted in Greece being its own kingdom.
1824 - 1830
Charles X was the brother of Louis XVIII, the count of Artois, and was the leader of the ultraroyalist faction.
Firm believer in rule by divine right.
Nicholas I of Russia
1825 - 1855
Nicholas I of Russia was the most extreme form of autocracy in the nineteenth-century.
The Decembrist Revolt in Russia
The Decembrist Revolt in Russia was a revolt by people who wanted a constitutional government and the abolition of serfdom.
Catholic Emancipation Act
The Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829 was an act that was passed by Parliament that allowed Roman Catholics from Ireland to represent Ireland in Parliament.
Led by Daniel O'Connell.
July Revolution of 1830
The July Revolution of 1830 was a naval expedition against Algiers sent by Polignac.
It was in response to the surprising victory of the liberals in Charles X’s new election.
The result was Louis the Phillippe succeeding Charles X instead of his grandson.
The Great Reform Bill
The Great Reform Bill of 1832 was a law that expanded the size of the England electorate.
Instituted by the Whig ministry.