foundations of american government

Main

magna carta

1215

provided the basis for the principle of limited gov.
the rights in the magna carta originally applied only to the nobility. generations interpreted this doc as providing protection against unjust punishment .the charter also stated that certain taxes could not be leived without popular consent

founding of the first 13 colonies

1607 - 1733

new england colonies/ new hampshire,,rhode island,connecticut
middle colonies/newyork,newjersey,pennsylvania,delaware
southern colonies/maryland/virginia/nc/sc, georgia

mayflower compact

1620

pilgrims signed in 1620 stands as first example of many colonial plans for self-gov as pilgrims also agreed to choose their own leaders and to make their own laws,which they would design for their own benefit.

petition of right

1625

severely limiting the kings power.

adoption of the great fundamentals

1629

the first basic system of laws in the english colonies.

fundamental orders of connecticut

1639

this document laid out a plan for government that gave the people the right to elect the gov

english bill of rights

1688

set clear limits on what a ruler could and could not do

lockes two treatises of government

1690

his writtings were widely read discussed.
locke reasoned that in a state pof nature,all people were born free,equal and independent. he believed that the laws of nature, o natural law provided rights to life.

albany plan

1754

benjamin franklin had proposed an innovative plan for uniting the colonies.colines rejected the plan

french and indian war

1756 - 1763

defeat of france in america meant the american colonist no longer needed the british to protect them from the french.americans had to help the british fight the war. after the war was over the british charged the americans taxes to pay for the war which made the americans very mad

stamp act

1765

required them to pay a tax on legal documents

intolerable acts

1773

one of these acts of the massachusetts

first continental congress

1774

the delegates debated what to do about the relationship with great britain

second continental congress

1775

with three weeks, delegates from all thirteen colonies gathered in philadelphia for second continental congress.

declaration of independance

1776

the colonies had officially broken with great britain

montesquieus the spirit of laws

1776

through colonial legislatures and courts could be reviewed by commitee of kings privacy council

paines common sense

1776

thomas paine influenced amny colonist.

articles of confederation

1777

the articles basically continued the structure and operation of gov as established under the second continental congress.

northwest ordinace

1785

established the developed for statehood on an equal basis with the older states

shays rebellion

1786

armed groups of farmers forced several courts to close in order to provent farm foreclosures and the loss of their farms

virginia plan

1787

the proposed a gov based on three principles

nj

1787

3/5 compromise

1787

these states wanted enslaved persons to be counted the same as free people to give the south more repres

constitutional convention

1787

was the result of two previous meetings

conneticut compromise

1787

the compromise suggested that the legislative branch have two parts(1) a house of representatives(2) a senate

delaware

1787

ratification of the constitution

1787

the political debate over ratification lasted

pennsylvania

1787

sc

1788

georgia

1788

ny

1788

maryland

1788

New Hampshire

1788

massachusetts

1788

va

1788

connecticut

1788

nc

1789

rhode island

1790