provided the basis for the principle of limited gov.
the rights in the magna carta originally applied only to the nobility. generations interpreted this doc as providing protection against unjust punishment .the charter also stated that certain taxes could not be leived without popular consent
founding of the first 13 colonies
1607 - 1733
new england colonies/ new hampshire,,rhode island,connecticut
southern colonies/maryland/virginia/nc/sc, georgia
pilgrims signed in 1620 stands as first example of many colonial plans for self-gov as pilgrims also agreed to choose their own leaders and to make their own laws,which they would design for their own benefit.
petition of right
severely limiting the kings power.
adoption of the great fundamentals
the first basic system of laws in the english colonies.
fundamental orders of connecticut
this document laid out a plan for government that gave the people the right to elect the gov
english bill of rights
set clear limits on what a ruler could and could not do
lockes two treatises of government
his writtings were widely read discussed.
locke reasoned that in a state pof nature,all people were born free,equal and independent. he believed that the laws of nature, o natural law provided rights to life.
benjamin franklin had proposed an innovative plan for uniting the colonies.colines rejected the plan
french and indian war
1756 - 1763
defeat of france in america meant the american colonist no longer needed the british to protect them from the french.americans had to help the british fight the war. after the war was over the british charged the americans taxes to pay for the war which made the americans very mad
required them to pay a tax on legal documents
one of these acts of the massachusetts
first continental congress
the delegates debated what to do about the relationship with great britain
second continental congress
with three weeks, delegates from all thirteen colonies gathered in philadelphia for second continental congress.
declaration of independance
the colonies had officially broken with great britain
montesquieus the spirit of laws
through colonial legislatures and courts could be reviewed by commitee of kings privacy council
paines common sense
thomas paine influenced amny colonist.
articles of confederation
the articles basically continued the structure and operation of gov as established under the second continental congress.
established the developed for statehood on an equal basis with the older states
armed groups of farmers forced several courts to close in order to provent farm foreclosures and the loss of their farms
these states wanted enslaved persons to be counted the same as free people to give the south more repres
the compromise suggested that the legislative branch have two parts(1) a house of representatives(2) a senate