George Washington

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Pinckney’s Treaty

1784 - October 1795

The Spanish put a border between the United States and Florida. Spain closed the port of New Orleans to U.S.Washington asked Ambassador Pinckney to meet with Spanish officials to discuss the problem. He asked the Spaniards to reopen New Orleans to U.S. trade. Pinckney also asked for the right of deposit in New Orleans. This would allow American boats to transfer things to New Orleans without paying cargo fees. Washington was worried that the United States and Great Britain might go against Spain after signing Jay’s Treaty.

The French Revoloution

July 14, 1789

The French Revolution happened after they had beheaded their king and queen they went to war with Britain and the Americans wouldn't help the French

The Whiskey Rebellion

1791

The tax was part of Hamilton’s plan to raise money to help pay the federal debt. He was also testing the power of the federal government to control the states’ actions.

General Wayne Takes Command

1792 - 1794

Washington gave command to the army in the West to General Wayne. Wayne’s task was to bring troops to the frontier to fight against the Indians. In 1793 General Wayne arrived in Ohio. Many of his men were unable to fight well because, they were ill from smallpox and influenza,. The British no longer aided the Native Americans after this defeat, and Little Turtle realized that they were outmatched. He urged his people to seek peace.

Jay’s Treaty

1793 - November 1794

British would pay the damages the broken American ships and abandon their forts. The United States agreed to pay back the British with the money they used. Citizens and congressional leaders thought the treaty was bad on trade and didn’t punish the Britain enough for their actions. Southerners were angry at the British because the treaty did not ask Britain to repay them for slaves that Britain had set free during the Revolutionary War. Washington didn’t like this treaty but thought it was most of what could have been done. At this point the Senate approved the treaty.

Neutrality Proclamation

April 22, 1793

Washington is reelected President, unanimously. On April 22, Washington issued the Neutrality Proclamation, which kept the United States out of the war between France and Great Britain.

washington, no war

november 1793

British took over ships carrying food to the French West Indies. Washington didn't want another war with the British.

Reaction in the West

1794 - 1795

The farmers’ corn crops were often made into whiskey, which was easier to transport than the corn. Because cash was rare, whiskey became like money in their region. Farmers who produced small amounts of whiskey for trade said that they could not afford the tax. They believed they should be able to keep the money they had made from a product they created themselves. Westerners also disliked the fact that cases about the law were to be tried in a district court. These courts were usually far away from the people they affected and were a great inconvenience.