Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand Society, kills Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo.
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Austria-Hungary sent an Ultimatum to the Serbian government which they deny.
This battle was between the Germans and France. This was the first time poison gas was used, by Germany, and France was horrified and angry.
This battle was between Great Britain and the Ottoman Empire. This campaign was designed to take the Ottoman capital and secure a route to Russia. There was many casualties on both sides. It is known as one of the greatest victories in Turkish history.
The Lusitania was torpedoed by a German U-boat five miles off the coast of Ireland, and sank in 18 minutes. 1198 lives were claimed.
These battles were between Italy and Austria. There were 12 battles. There was a total 1.2 million casualties in these battles.
This battle was between the French and the Germans. This was an attack by the Germans, designed to "bleed the French dry." The German casualties of this battle are 430,000 and the French are 540,000.
After sinking a passenger ferry, the Sussex, President Woodrow Wilson threatened to break diplomatic relations with Germany if they kept their current submarine warfare policies. Germany, afraid that the US will join the war, promised to stop.
This battle was between Great Britain and Germany. It was the only major naval battle of the war. The battle plan was leaked by the Germans so Great Britain had the advantage because they knew what was coming. Although Germany was at a disadvantage, they were able to deal a significant amount of damage to the British fleet.
This was a Russian attack against Austria. This was also designed to relieve pressure from Verdun. This was a highly successful attack, and is known as Russia's greatest victory of the Great War.
This battle was fought between the British and the Germans. This was an allied attack designed to relieve pressure off of Verdun. The battle began after a week long bombardment of the German line, which was supposed to destroy the barbed wire but failed. This battle resulted in 420,000 British soldiers, 200,000 French soldiers, and 500,000 German soldiers to die. The allies ultimately gain 25 miles from this battle.
Germany begins unrestricted submarine warfare again.
This battle of Great Britain against the Ottoman Empire. The British were defeated in the first two battles but succeeded in the third.
The USA declares war in a response to the Germans sinking US ships.
This was a massive French attack on Germany. There was 118,000 French casualties, and 40,000 German casualties. Although it is known as a French failure, it had a net gain of seven kilometers.
Russia must leave the war because of a revolution back in its own country.
This battle was Germany against the Allied Powers on the western front. Germany saw this as a last chance to wipe out France from the war before the overwhelming number and materials of the US come into the war. Also, Germany had a quantity advantage because the Russians just released German prisoners. The Germans had early success but supplies could not keep up with the speed of the troops moving forward. Inevitably, the Germans could not defend the newly captured land and was driven back.
This was a Germany's last offensive against the allies on the western front. The attacked failed when the allies launched a counterattack. This battle could be considered the beginning of the end of the war.
Germany signs an armistice which is a cease fire. It was scheduled to start at 11 a.m. in the morning, but many Allied commanders ordered their men to fight to the last minute and sent attacks.
The Paris Peace Conference was meeting of the Allied victors. It had the "Big four," which are Great Britain, Italy, France, and the United States, and 27 other counties. The Central powers and Russia were not invited. It took six months to reach a treaty agreement on Germany.
Germany felt that they could not be able to deal with all the demands of the treaty. Germany had to give France Alsace-Lorraine, demilitarize Rhineland, Germany limited to only 100,000 troops and no offensive weapons, reparations: $24 billion, coal, material, steel, shipping.