It was a time of great suffering, Buddhism taught that people could escape their suffering.
The Grand Canal
581 CE - 618 CE
The Grand Canal is the longest canal or artificial river in the world. It links to the Yellow River (Huang He) and the Chang Jiang (Yangtze River).
The Sui Dynasty
581 AD - 618 AD
A general called Wendi won battle after battle and finally reunited China. He had founded the Sui dynasty. His son, Yangdi took control after Wendi and created ambitious projects like the Grand Canal.
New Technology: The Printing Process
A Chinese invention used to print books. Before printing, books had to be made by hand.
When the Tang rulers took power, they bought peace and gave more land to farmers.
618 AD - 907 AD
The Tang dynasty gave it's support to a new kind of Confucianism called Neo-Confucianism. This was created to reduce Buddhism's popularity. It taught that life in this world was just as important as the afterlife.
The Tang Dynasty
618 AD - 907 AD
Yangdi's generals took over China and set up the Tang dynasty. The Tang rulers worked to strengthen China's government. They carried out reforms that brought improvements.
1167 AD - 1227 AD
He built a huge empire across Asia using loyal, strong, and well-trained warriors. Although the wars he and his sons fought were brutal and bloody, they eventually brought peace and prosperity to most Asia.
The Mongol Empire
1211 AD - 1368 AD
When Genghis Khan died, the Mongol empire was divided among his four sons. Under their leadership, the empire continued to expand.
1258 AD - 1260 AD
The famous Muslim city of Baghdad fell to the Mongols. Mongol armies pushed through Syria and Palestine to Egypt. They were stopped by the Muslim rulers of Egypt.
1260 AD - 1290 AD
Gehgis Khan's grandson, Kublai Kahn, became ruler. He continued the Mongol conquest of China. Within 10 years, the Mongols had conquered southern China and put an end to the Song dynasty. They were separate from the Chinese society.
1371 AD - 1433 AD
He was a famous navigator born from a poor Chinese Muslim family. His voyages were impressive. He was assigned to lead a fleet of Chinese ships across the Indian Ocean, later making his career famous.