Language Arts Timeline- Four Perfect Pebbles and The Sun Also Rises

WWI

Assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

June 28,1914 - June 29, 1914

Archduke of Austria-Hungary is assainated by a Serbian nationalist named Gavrilo Princip

Austria-Hungary Declares war on Serbia

July 28, 1914 - July 29, 1914

After the archduke's assaination Austria Hungary delcared war upon Serbia, starting WWI

European Countries Join the War

August 1, 1914 - August 6, 1914

Germany, Russia, France, and the United Kingdom join the war.

The Battle of Tanenburg

August 26, 1914 - August 27, 1914

This is the first battle of WWI and drew the battle lines for the war.

The First Battle of the Marne Starts

September 5, 1914 - September 8 1914

Trench warfare starts and is set into place for the rest of the war

Germany calls Britain a war zone

February 4 1915 - June 28 1919

Germany blockades Britain with submarines and threatens to attack anyone that enters the area, including merchants ships.

The Sencond Battle of Ypres goes under way

April 22 1915 - April 23 1915

This was the second time a battle was in the area of Ypres, and was the first time the Germans implemented poison gas.

RMS Lusitania is sunk

May 7 1915 - May 8 1915

The British ship the RMS Lusitania is sunk by the German U-Boat U-20

Tsar Nicholas II takes control of Russia

September 5 1915 - March 15 1917

Tsar Nicholas gains control of Russia's army.

The Battle of Verdun occurs

February 21 1916 - December 19 1916

The was the longest and bloodiest battle ever fought in WWI, as trench warfare was used praticlly all throughout the battle.

The Battle of the Somme is fought

July 1 1916 - November 18 1916

The Battle of the Somme was fought in the trenches, yet this was the first time tanks were used in battle.

The Zimmerman telegraph is sent

January 19 1917 - January 20 1917

After Britain intercepted the telegraph from Germany to Mexico, which said if the Mexicans joined the war that they could gain the land they lost in the 1800's. This telegraph is what brought the U.S.A. into WWI.

America fights against Germany

April 6 1917 - June 28 1919

After recieving the Zimmerman telegraph, America joined in the fight against Germany.

Armistice of Russia

December 17 1917 - June 26 1919

After being taken over by the Bolshevics, Russia chooses to stop fighting with the Central Powers.

Woodrow's 14 Points

January 8 1918 - January 9 1918

U.S. President Woodrow Wilson issues his 14 points to peace.

Baron Manfred von Richtofen is shot down

April 21 1918 - April 22 1918

Baron Manfred von Richtofen, AKA, the Red Baron, is shot down flying over the Battle of the Marne.

Kaiser Wilhelm flees Germany

November 9 1918 - November 10 1918

German Kaiser Wilhelm chooses to abdicate then flees from Germany.

Germany signs Armistice

November 11 1918 - November 12 1918

Germany signs an Armistice at Compiegne, France, effectivly stopping all fighting on the 11th hour, of the 11th day, of the 11th month.

Treaty of Versailles is signed

June 28 1919 - June 29 1919

The Treaty of Versailles is signed and establishes rules and sanctions over the Central Powers and can be blamed for the start of WWII.

WWII

Japanese Invasion and Control of China

September 18 1931 - September 2 1945

Japan invades the region of China known as Manchuria. They claim all control over the people, government, and trade in that region.

Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany

January 30 1933 - April 30 1945

Hitler is appointed, as the leader of the largest political party, chancellor, and later president, and retains this role until he dies in 1945.

Italy Invades Ethiopia

October 25 1935 - May 5 1936

Fascist Italy invades, conquers, and annexes Ethiopia.

The Axis Powers are created

November 1 1936 - September 2 1945

First started among Germany and Italy, it also let in Japan later on, and made an agreement stating that through whatever endevours occur among the countries, they would all help each other.

The Munich Agreement is signed

September 29 1938 - September 30 1938

The Munich Agreement signed between Germany, Britain, France, and Italy let Germany take over the potion of Czecklovakia known as Sudetenland.

Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-agression pact

August 23 1939 - August 24 1939

Germany and the Soviet Union sign a pact not to attack each other.

Poland is invaded by Germany. Start of WWII

September 1 1939 - September 29 1939

Germany invades Poland, starting WWII.

Britain and France declare war on Germany

September 3 1939 - September 4 1939

Staying true to there agreement to protect Poland's borders, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany for invading Poland

Germany Invades Western Europe.

May 9 1940 - June 9 1940

Germany invades Luxemborg (May 10) Netherlands(May 14) Belgium (May 24) and North France(June 22)

The Battle of Britain happens

July 10 1940 - October 31 1940

Britain fights Germany primarily in the air and eventually defeats Germany.

Italy invades North Africa

September 13 1940 - February 13 1941

Italy starts with Egypt, attacking from Lybia, and then attacks the rest of North Africa with the help of the Afrika Korps.

Pearl Harbour is bombed

December 7 1941 - December 8 1941

The Japanese bomb the American naval base in Pearl Harbour. On December 8th, the Americans declared war on Japan.

The Axis Powers declare war on America

December 11 1941 - December 13 1941

Nazi Germany declare war on America after America chooses to declare war on Japan.

Germany attacks the Soviet Union

June 28 1942 - February 2 1943

Germany attacks Russia and fights all the way into Stalingrad, where the Nazis were forced to retreat.

Americans and British fight off Axis powers in North Africa.

October 23 1942 - May 13 1943

The Americans and British fight out the Axis Powers from North Africa in hopes of being able to attack from Italy into Germany

Allies take control of Sicily

June 10 1943 - August 15 1943

Allies land on Sicily and takes control of it so as to have direct access to Italy.

Benito Mussolini is overthrown

July 25 1943 - July 26 1943

The Fascist council removes Mussolini from office and places Pietro Badoglio in charge of the government and army.

Italy surrenders

September 8 1943 - September 9 1943

Under the control of Badoglio, Italy surrenders to the allied powers unconditionally, taking Italy out of the war.

Allied troops liberate Rome

June 4 1944 - June 5 1944

Through making there way up from Sicily to Rome, allied troops liberate Rome, Italy's capitol and within six weeks Allied troops can bomb German areas from Rome.

Allied troops storm Normandy

June 6 1944 - June 25 1944

In an effort to open a "second front" Allied forces attack Normandy France on the day know as D-Day, breaking through Germany's Atlantic Wall and opening a way into Germany through France.

Allied Troops reach Paris

August 20 1944 - August 25 1944

After making a rapid advance from Normandy, troops manage to finally reach the French capitol, and are then helped through the free-French people there.

Troops make it to the German border

September 12 1944 - September 30 1944

Going from the capitol to the border of Germany, troops finally reach German soil.

US troops land in the Phillipenes

October 20 1944 - October 21 1944

In hopes of putting themselves in prime position to attack Japan, the United States land troops in Japan controlled Phillipenes in hopes of liberating them and securing an area that America can attack from.

France, Belgium and Netherlands are liberated

December 10 1944 - December 21 1944

Allied troops going throughout the Atlantic coast help liberate Axis Powers controlled countries which are France, Belgium, and part of South-East Netherlands

Allied troops fight the Battle of the Bulge

December 16 1944 - January 1 1945

In a last chance effort to try and stop the Allied forces from attacking Germany, Hitler launches an offensive against Allied Powers in what was known as the Battle of the Bulge. By New Years, Germans were in full retreat back to Germany.

Soviet troops attack Berlin

April 16 1945 - May 9 1945

Having been closer, Soviet troops launch a final offensive on the German capitol in hopes of capturing Hitler and ending the war.

Hitler commits suicide

April 30 1945 - May 1 1945

Fearing Russian troops rath upon him, Hitler chooses to kill himself and his wife instead of being captured by Soviets.

Allied Troops conquer Okinawa

May 1 1945 - May 31 1945

In their last island on the path to the Japanese, U.S. troops land in Okinawa, the closest island possible to Japan.

Germans surrender to Allies

May 7 1945 - May 8 1945

After a string of attacks on German cities, Germany finally surrenders and gives up to the western Allies.

Germans surrender to Soviets

May 9 1945 - May 10 1945

After the attack upon its capitol and the countless other offensives, Germans, give up to the Soviets

U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima

August 6 1945 - August 7 1945

After months of trying to defeat Japan, America chooses to drop the most deadly weapon known to man on the army city of Hiroshima as an intimidation effort to get the Japanese to surrender.

The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Machuria

August 8 1945 - August 9 1945

To honor the agreement made at the Yalta Conference, the Soviet Union declares war on Japan and gains control of the region known as Manchuria.

The U.S. launches another atomic bomb on Nagasaki

August 9 1945 - August 10 1945

After Japan did not surrender after the first bomb, the U.S. launched a second atomic bomb on Japan.

The Sun Also Rises

Robert Cohn goes to America

January 5 1925 - January 13 1925

Robert Cohn goes to New York to present his novel. This occurred sometime in winter, and based upon the text imformation puts him in early January.

Robert Cohn and Jake Barnes Discuss South America

March 14 1925 - March 15 1925

Robert Cohn and Jake Barnes sit down for lunch one day in early spring and Robert Cohn tells Jake he wishes to go to South America. Jake is quite hesitant and instead suggests going to Spain for a fishing trip.

Brett goes to San Sebastion

June 1 1925 - June 21 1925

Brett goes to San Sebastion for a few weeks, and here she has an affair with Robert Cohn.

The group leave for a fishing trip in Bayonne

June 25 1925 - June 29 1925

There Bill and Jake fished while Cohn, Brett, and Mike waited in Pamplona,

Brett, Jake, Mike, Cohn, and Bill party in Pamplona

June 30 1925 - July 9 1925

The group up to Pamplona to experience the Festival of San Fermin.

Cohn fights the group

July 7 1925 - July 8 1925

Cohn becomes very angry over the subject of Brett, and injures Jake, Mike, and Romero in his anger.

Jake goes to San Sebastion

July 9 1925 - July 12 1925

Jake chooses to stay in San Sebastion for six days, but is stopped as Brett needs him to come and get her.

Brett calls for Jake

July 12 1925 - July 13 1925

Brett asks for Jake to come and get her, thus ending both Jake's trip to San Sebastion and The Sun Also Rises book.

Four Perfect Pebbles

Hitler attempts the Beer Hall Putsch

November 9 1923 - November 10 1923

Hitler makes an attempt to overthrow the German government and is arrest in Munich, known as the Beer Hall Putsch.

Albert Blumenthal is born

October 11 1932 - October 12 1932

Albert was born to Ruth and Walter Blumenthal

A nationwide boycott is called on all Jews

April 1 1933 - April 2 1933

Hitler asks all German citizens to boycott Jewish owned bushiness.

Marion Blumenthal is born

December 20 1934 - December 21 1934

Marion is born to Walter and Ruth Blumenthal and is the sister of Albert.

The Nuremburg laws are passed

September 15 1935 - September 16 1935

Hitler passes a set of Anti-Semitic laws in Nuremburg that say that all Jews are not German citizens and that Jews may only marry other Jews.

The Blumenthals are placed on the American immigration quota list

September 13 1938 - September 14 1938

After many moths, the Blumenthal family is placed on a waiting list to receive immigration papers into America.

Herschel Grynszpan shoots Ernst vom Rath

November 7 1938 - November 8 1938

Herschel chooses to shoot a German secretary at the German embassy as vengeance for attacks on Jews.

vom Rath dies of his wounds

November 8 1938 - November 9 1938

Even with Hitler's support, Ernst vom Rath dies on the Nazi memorial day, November 9

Kristallnacht occurs

November 9 1938 - November 10 1938

Thousands of Jews across Germany and Austria are robbed, attacked, killed, and/or taken in the middle of the night as revenge for killing Ernst vom Rath.

Walter is kept in Buchenwald

November 9 1938 - November 18 1938

After being taken on the day of Kristallnacht, Walter gives his immigration to the Gestapo and he is released.

The Blumenthals go to Holland to escape the Nazis

January 13 1939 - January 14 1939

The Blumenthals obtain their visas

January 27 1940 - January 28 1940

After many years of waiting, the Blumenthals are capable of leaving for America in early March.

German Luftwaffe bomb Rotterdam

May 14 1940 - May 15 1940

After the invasion of Holland four days earlier, the bombing of Rotterdam caused a quick surrender of Holland.

Jews are ordered to wear a yellow on the clothers

May 16 1942 - May 17 1942

Jews to show they are Jewish are ordered to wear a yellow star of David.

Westbork changes from a refugee camp to a concentration camp

July 1 1942 - July 2 1942

The Germans seize control from the Dutch of Westbork and trap the Jews inside.

Walter applies for the British exchange program

August 26 1943 - August 27 1943

To avoid Auschwitz. Walter applies through the Red Cross for a Jewish exchange program.

The Blumenthals are accepted into the exchange program

January 30 1944 - January 31 1944

The Blumenthals are allowed to leave for Cella, effective mid-February, from Westbork.

The Blumenthals arrive in Bergen-Belson

February 17 1944 - February 18 1944

The Blumenthals, through the exchange program, arrive in Bergen-Belson, a former POW camp, and await the leave for Palestine.

The Blumenthals are denied passage to Palestine

May 4 1944 - May 5 1944

The Blumenthals are not allowed to leave the camp as they were not chosen to leave.

The Blumenthals are transported "East"

April 9 1945 - April 10 1945

Bergen-Belson is liberated

April 15 1945 - April 16 1945

After the Blumenthal's leaving, the camp they had stayed at was liberated by the Allies.

The Blumenthals are liberated

April 23 1945 - April 24 1945

After two weeks of travelling, the Allies finally catch up and liberate the Blumenthals and other Jews.

Walter dies of typhus

June 7 1945 - June 8 1945

After being liberated by the Russians, Walter Blumenthal, Papa, dies of typhus, a common disease that ran rampant in the "Death Train"

The Blumenthals leave Holland for America

April 23 1948 - April 24 1948

After living as Dutch citizens for three years, on the exact date of their liberation, the Blumenthals arrive in America.