Period when mature societies were more urban and people began to consider questions about their existence, like "what happens after I die?" This led to a growing concern about morality. It's the period of time when Hinduism and Judaism reform--the priest caste become less important, and the role that average people have to follow ethical rules is more important. The Torah--a moral document is written. Dharma in Hinduism is stressed. Buddhism develops the 8-fold path. Moral philosophies in China develop--Daosim, Confucianism and Legalism. Ancient Greek philosophy develops ideas about democracy and a good society. The ground work for Christianity, and later Islam, is set.