By Claire Burmeister
U.S. gets the land that is now California, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, New Mexico, and Arizona. Some controversy on boundaries.
Controversy on boundaries became so heated war nearly broke out between the U.S. and Mexico, but was stopped when President Franklin Pierce sent James Gadsen to offer to purchase more land. Although offer was denied it broke the tension.
It's purpose was to protect settlers and miners in the mountains S. of Tucson.
Built on Colorado river to shelter immigrants.
Gila river, Colorado River, and Bradshaw mountains.
Prescott becomes the capital of the Arizona Territory. The four counties Yuma, Yavapai, Pima, and Mohave are established.
118 Apache people (men, women, and children) were murdered within the short span of 30 minutes.