U.S. gets the land that is now California, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, New Mexico, and Arizona. Some controversy on boundaries.
War between the U.S. and Mexico nearly breaks out
Controversy on boundaries became so heated war nearly broke out between the U.S. and Mexico, but was stopped when President Franklin Pierce sent James Gadsen to offer to purchase more land. Although offer was denied it broke the tension.
Copper is discovered in Arizona
Fort Buchanan is established
It's purpose was to protect settlers and miners in the mountains S. of Tucson.
Fort Mohave is established
Built on Colorado river to shelter immigrants.
AZ Gold rush
Gila river, Colorado River, and Bradshaw mountains.
1861 - 1886
Civil War begins
Confederacy dominates AZ land
Territory of Arizona is established
Capital and Counties
Prescott becomes the capital of the Arizona Territory. The four counties Yuma, Yavapai, Pima, and Mohave are established.
Powell Grand Canyon exploration
Camp Grant Massacre
118 Apache people (men, women, and children) were murdered within the short span of 30 minutes.