K&L

Individuals and Their Contributions

Piaget

Jean Piaget

1896 - 1980

Piaget developed French version of the Intelligence Test

1920

Piaget defined the 4 stages of intellicual development

1972

Skinner

B.F. Skinner

1904 - 1990

Skinner's term "operant conditioning" defined how to conditon human behavior

1936

Skinner designed an operant chamber that allowed him to teach animals by reward

1960

Bloom

Benjamin Bloom

1913 - 1999

Blooms Taconomy was created as a system of classifying educational goals

1948

Bloom's Mastery Learning

1980

Bruner

Jerome Bruner

1915 - 2013

Discovery Learning

1960

Introduces the stages in which memory is retained: Enactive, Ionic, Symbolic

1970

Gardner

Howard Gardner

1943 - 2013

Gardner's 8 signs of intellegence illustrating the capacity to solve problems

1985

Philosophy and cirriculum implemented in charter school

1999

Theory

Behavorists

1913 - 2013

Classical condtioning

1913

Constructivists

1915 - 2013

behaviorism is prominiment

1920 - 1950

Operant Conditioning

1936

Cognitivists

1955 - 2013

The mind is like a computer

1958

Cognitivism replaced behavorism

1960

Change in teachers role

1980

Gardner's 8 signs of intellegence illustrating the capacity to solve problems

1985