תולדות התקשורת

Main

Swiss develop Printing Privileges

1467

Spanish- Printing Privileges

1502

(Nothing permitted without permission from Church or Kings)

Germany- Censoring

1529

(Name of publisher and pub co. on each publication if create without permission, can be punished)

England- Printing Privileges

1600

Ronit was born!

1992

Modern Day- Printing Privileges

2000

Progress of Publishing/Media

Invention printing press

1440

First BOOKS printed (Bibles)

1455

"Newsbooks" in England

1500

Predecessor to the newspaper

First modern, not daily, paper (Germany)

1609

Called: Avisa Relation oder Zeitung

GENERAL PAPERS:

Gazette- Venice (small, handwritten scrolls)
Relzion- business-related info (one-time flyers)
Coronetto- business newspaper (printed on two sides, consistent basis)
Diurnal- set, weekly (usually political)
Mercury paper- continuous (page 4, next week page 5)
Intelligence paper- similar to Mercury, more serious content

First daily newspaper (Germany)

1660

Leipzig Zeitung

First paper published in America

1690

Publick Occurrences
(Editor: Benjamin Harris, first American journalist)

First daily English paper, "Daily Courant"

1702

PREVIOUS "PAPERS":

Early Roman papers- "acta diurnal populi" (for common folk)
Chinese papers- "tipao" (for military)

First magazine published (England)

1704

"The Review"

"Gentleman's Magazine" (England)

1731

First time word "magazine" is used
(Many pictures, bigger page)

First American magazine

1741

Benjamin Franklin

First French news agency

1837

AFP, Charles Havas

First American news agency

1848

Associated Press (New York)

First Germany news agency

1849

WALF

First English news agency

1851

Reuters

Three Euro agencies join forces

1870

Lack of competition, lack quality of news

Israeli Journalism (עיתונאות)

1950 - 2006

Five Periods in History of American Newspaper Industry

Formation

1690 - 1833

First Amendment (Freedom of the Press)

1791

Sedition Act

1798

Fines person publishing anti-American ideas

Penny Papers

1833 - 1890

New York Sun (Benjamin Day)

1833

Pioneer of Penny Paper (cost a penny)

Modern Advertising is born around this time

1850

New York Times created, re-vamped in 1896

1854 - 1896

First paper to separate fact and opinion

Yellow Journalism

1895 - 1920

Pulitzer- father of Yellow Journalism

Objective Newspaper

1895 - 2013

Hearst creates opposition paper to Pulitzer

1895

New York Journal

Radio

Attempts to transmit sound around now

1890

Modern radio developed

1901

Italian Guglielmo Marconi

Good relationship b/w radio and newspaper

1920 - 1930

6/10 homes have radios now

1920 - 1930

Great Depression

1929

Radio poses threat

1930 - 1935

News companies buy radio stations
Fights between these owners and those that don't know radio stations

Millions in homes
*Main rise because of Great Depression (cheaper than paper)

Baltimore Agreements of 1933

1933

Reps of newspaper and radio meet in Baltimore Hotel

News: agree to give radio access to events and info if:
-radio cannot solely cover events
-radio can broadcast news between 9 AM and 9 PM
(night is for newspaper)
-newspaper must report first, radio has to wait a few hours

RADIO BREAKS DEAL A FEW MONTHS LATER

Radio becomes strong, independent medium

1935 - 2013

Dominant medium

50 million homes have radio (US)

1938