Purpose was to extensively monitor public and private opinion and uncover revolutionary plots. Actively suppress unorthodox political and religious ideas. For war time, KGB had ready sabotage supplies in the target countries.
2/4/1945 - 2/11/1945
Was the war-time meeting of the US, UK, and the Soviet Union. Discussed Europe's post-war reorganization. Represented by President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Stalin.
7/17/1945 - 8/2/1945
Soviet Union, US, and UK met. Divided Vietnam at the 16th parallel. Divided Germany and Austria each into 4 zones.
First Atomic Bomb
The Uranium bomb was dropped on Hiroshima; nicknamed the Little Boy; weighed over 4.5 tons
Second Atomic Bomb
Plutonium bomb was dropped on Nagasaki; nicknamed Fat Man; leveled half the city.
Iron Curtain Speech
Presented by Winston Churchill. First to use the phrase Iron Curtain to describe the Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. Iron Curtain served to keep people in and keep information out.
The Red Scare
1947 - 1957
The fear of Communism spreading; This was actually the second Red Scare; the first one was from 1919 - 1921; Also known as "McCarthyism" after its most famous supporter, Senator Joseph McCarthy.
Created by US President Truman. The US would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into Soviet control. Considered the start of the Cold War.
The US's national spy unit; Created under President Truman; The US felt the need for a post war Centralized Intelligence Organization
April 1948 - 1952
US gave money to help rebuild European economies after World War II in order to prevent the spread of communism. The plan was names after the Secretary of State George Marshall. The plan was one of the first elements of European integration. The plan was successful and by the end of the plan, all of the countries had surpassed pre-war economic levels.
NATO is a treaty that is against the Soviet Union; NATO meets at several levels - heads of government, ministers, or permanent representatives; by 2009 the total membership was 28 countries.
6/25/1950 - 7/27/1953
Fighting between North and South Korea. South Korea was supported by the United Nations. North Korea was supported by China.
First test was in 11/1/1952; Destroyed the island of Elugelab; Used the Teller - Ulam design
Ethel & Julius Rosenburg execution
The only execution of civilians in US history; convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage; They were spies who gave information to the Soviets about the atomic bomb.
Was a mutual defense treaty between eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. It was named where it was signed in Warsaw; remained intact until 1991; finally dissolved in July 1991
11/1/1955 - 4/30/1975
Fighting between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union. South Vietnam was supported by the US and other anti-communist countries..
10/4/1957 - 1/4/1958
First artificial earth satellite. Took 96 minutes to complete each orbit of the earth. Transmitted on 20.005 and 40.002 MHz.
Fidel Castro becomes leader in Cuba
Transformed his country into the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere. He hoped to topple world capitalism. Some see him as a dictator who has overseen multiple human rights abuses.
U2 spy plane shot down over Soviet Union airspace. Surviving pilot was Francis Gary Powers. The U2 had taken photos of military bases in Russia. Deteriorated the relationship between the US and the USSR.
Bay of Pigs
4/16/1961 - 4/20/1961
Unsuccessful military invasion of Cuba undertaken by Brigade 2506. Intended to overthrow the leftist government. Brigade 2506 was trained by the US CIA. The invading forces were defeated in three days.
8/13/1961 - 11/9/1989
West Berlin reffed to the wall as "the wall of shame"; Defenses were put up like guard house and anti - vehicle trenches; During this time period about 5,000 people attempted to escape over the wall, with an estimated death toll of 600 people.
Cuban Missile Crisis
10/15/1962 - 10/28/1962
Thirteen day confrontation between the US and the combined Soviet Union and Cuba. Cuba wanted to place Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba to deter any future invasion attempts by the US. The confrontation ended with the Soviet Union pulling all missiles from Cuba and the US promising never to invade Cuba.
Assassinated in Dallas Texas; Assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald; Lee shot from the Texas School Book Depository.
Man on the Moon
The crew consists of three men they were Neal Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr.; On July 16, 1969 Apollo 11 launched from the Kennedy Space Center; Neal Armstrong was the first man to walk the moon.
President Nixon goes to China
2/21/1972 - 2/28/1972
First US President to visit China: The President met with the leader of the Peoples Republic of China, Mao Zedong: Created better relations with China.
Iran takes and releases American hostages
11/4/1979 - 1/20/1981
52 Americans held as hostages for 444 days. A group of Islamist students and militants took over the American Embassy. On April 4, 1980, there was a failed rescue attempt to free the hostages.
Soviets invade Afghanistan
12/24/1979 - 2/15/1989
Fighting between the Soviet-led Afghanistan forces against the majahideens. The majahideens were supported by the U.S. Millions of Afghans fled the country. Hundreds of thousands of Afghanistan civilians were killed.
Iran - Contra Scandal
8/20/1985 - 3/4/1987
Revealed in November 1986; Gave arms in exchange for hostages; Portion of money from weapons sale was given to the Contras
Reagan's Berlin Wall Speech
The famous quote from this speech was "Tear down this wall." The challenge was by US President Ronald Reagan to Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. The speech commemorated the 750th anniversary of Berlin.
Fall of the USSR
Acknowledged the independence of all 15 republics. Marked the end of the cold war. Soviet flag was lowered from the Kremlin and was replaced with the Russian tri-color.