U.S. History

World War I

Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinad

June 28, 1914

Along with him, his wife was killed as well. This leads to World War I in Europe because of alliances. !{width: 300px; height: 350px;}

German Submarine Sinks the Lusitania

1915

Nearly 1,200 people died while on the ship. 128 American citizens died.
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President Wilson Keeps the United States Neutral

1916

Because of this, he wins reelection.

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Battle of Verdun

1916

An estimated one million soldiers were killed in battle.

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Russian Revolution

1917

The Russian Revolution begins in 1917.
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United States Enters WWI

1917

The United States loses its neutrality and finally enters the war on the side of the Allied Powers. !{width: 300px; height: 300px}

Influenza Epidemic

1918

An influenza epidemic kills millions worldwide.

WWI Ends

November 11, 1918

WWI ends with an armistice.
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Treaty of Versailles is Rejected

1919

The Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles.
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Peace Treaty with Germany

1921

The United States signs a peace treaty with Germany.
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Civil Rights: Key Terms

Jim Crow Laws

1876 - 1965

The Jim Crow Laws were laws that segregated African Americans and other Americans. This meant separate water fountains, separate sections in the bus to sit in, etc. The Jim Crow laws were very prejudice and in the favor of whites.

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Discrimination

1954

Dicrimination, during the Civil Rights period, was mainly against the African Americans living in the United States. Even while there was the separate but equal law, Americans still discriminated against African Americans.

To discriminate means to judge somebody for how they may look before even knowing about that person or group of people. Discrimination, not just discrimination against African Americans, but discrimination of all people still goes on today, because people still judge others. Even so, the discrimination isn't as bad as it was in this time period.

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Integration

1954

Integration is when people combine a certain group of people with another group of people. During this time period, people were integrated in groups such as education wise, business wise, etc.

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Prejudice

1954

Predjudice is when a person judges a person or a group of people ignorantly.

Prejudice is when people, without knowing ANYTHING, judge others. The only reference they use usualy are deprived from soley APPEARANCES.

Prejudice, just like discrimination, still continues today.

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Reform

1954

A reform is a law or event that forms something again. African Americans of this time period had reforms to change living conditions and prejudice.

Suffrage

1954

Suffrage basically means the rigt to vote in an election. During the 50s, African Americans and women were not given suffrage.

Suffragists, people fighting for suffrage, protested against that, saying that not being given suffrage was unfair.

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Disenfranchisement

1954

Disenfranchisement is to make a person a servant by force or to enslave.

During this time period, there was still slavery in the U.S. Americans were buying and selling African American slaves. This was called disenfranchisment.

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Segregation

1954

Segregation meant separating the people of the United States during this time period by race.

The majority of people that were unfairly segregated were the African Americans.

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Ku Klux Klan

1954

Even while some Americans were beginning to accept the American American people, there was a certain group of people that still thought of them as a lower intelligence. This group of people were called the Ku Klux Klan, or KKK.

The KKK displayed violence against African Americans, and the government did little to even attempt to stop them. The KKK brought fear into many people's lives.

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Civil Disobedience

1954

Civil disobedience was how people would, peacfully and nomviolently, rebel against the American government during this time period.

The people would boycott, not pay taxes, etc. to showcase their opinions on certain matters, such as segragation and prejudice, to the government.

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Rascism

1954

Even while rascism began further back than this year, in this year, it really began being worst than it ever had been in the United States.

Rascism is judging a person because of their race.

In this time period, the majority of Americans were rasicst against the African Americans. They saw them as a lower intelligence and treated them horribly only because of their race.

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Boycott

1954

Boycotting was a nonviolent way to protest against something. Boycotting, in this time period, usually meant trying to change something in the means of a peaceful way. Some boycotts of this time perios was the bus boycott. In the bus boycott, African Americans stopped using the buses for means of transportation.

This caused the money that bus fares costed to drop very low. It was so low that Americans eventually let the African Americans ride on the buses-ANY where on the buses.

To boycott is to prove a point without violently harming a person or a group of people.

Civil Rights: Events

Brown Vs. The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

1952 - 1954

This event was how Congress decided that separate black schools and separate white schools were unconstitutional. They decided that something as valuable as education needed to be something in which there were many unique perspectives.

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The Case of Emmett Till

1955

A 14 year old Afican American boy named Emmett Till was murdered in this year. He had, apparently, been flirting with a white woman. That woman's husband had found out, and he had been very upset. He and another man ended up murdering Emmett Till in a gruesome and painful manner.

This murder sparked controversy in the United States.

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Rosa Parks (fighting for integration on buses)

1955 - 1956

Rosa Parks, a very historical figure, refused to give up her seat on the bus for a white man one day. She was eventually arrested because of this.

Even so, she brought courage to other African Americans to begin boycotting the buses.

This meant not traveling by bus at ALL. African Americans from all over the United States began carpooling and walking instead of using public transportation. This resulted in a major loss for bus companies who lost an extrememly large amount of money without the African Americans' money.

Eventually, before becomming completely bankrupt, officials allowed integration on buses. This meant that no matter the race, you could sit ANYWHERE (not any specific section) on the buses. This was a major victory, in my opinion, for civil rights.

Little Rock Nine (Integration of Schools)

1957

Even while they weren't originally known as the Little Rock Nine to begin with, that is what they are now known as.

The Little Rock Nine was a group of African American students thatentered an all white high school for the first time.

They faced many bullies, many threats, etc. because the majority of students (and some teachers) did not like the idea of school integration.

One of children of the Little Rock Nine, Ernest Green, was the first to graduate from an all white high school.

Greensboro Sit-Ins

1960

These sit-ins were non-violent protests against Woolworth Departments' segregation.

There were many sit-ins involved in the Civil Rights movement, but this was one of the most crucial in achieving civil rights.

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The Freedom Riders

1961

The Freedom Riders were civil rights activists. The Freedom Riders would ride on buses to make sure that the southern states were following the new rules of integrated bus seating. Ever since the integration of buses, most southern people just ignored the new rules. The government really didn't do anything to enforce the laws either, so that's why there were the Freedom Riders to make sure that everything was fair.

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Birmingham, Alabama Church Bombing

September 15, 1963

On this day, four young girls were killed. It was an act of racist bombing. Some Americans had decided to bomb an African American church because they were very racist. The small group bombed the small church, and many were injured.

The deaths of the three girls, however, sparked rage an anger among the community as a whole.

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Bloody Sunday (Selma to Montgomery March)

March 7, 1965

Civil rights activists were marching from Selma, Alabama all the way to Montgomery Alabama. On this day, known as Bloody Sunday, Alabama state troops tried fighting the marching people off by means of violence. Many people ended up dying because of them.

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Martin Luther King Jr.'s Assassination

April 4, 1968

It was on this day when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated. He had been 39 years old.

It had been Mr. James Earl Ray who had killed the civil rigts activist.

Some people believe that he had killed him because it had been a government conspiracy. Others believe that Ray assassinated him only because he was prejudice and refused to accept the African American people as a whole.

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