SC History Mid Term Timeline

Jorge Torres

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

100 - 1500

Were the Native people to the eastern part of North America. They lived in the Forests/woods which they build homes out of bark, and depend on it for food.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526

Was the first settlement from Europe in the United States. Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón founded it, but the colony did not last.

13 Colonies

1607 - 1733

Were 13 colonies ruled by the King of Britain. They would be taxed, and did not like the Kings rule so they ended up forming the United States of America later.

Proprietary Colony

1629 - 1729

Were colonies that were owned by officials given by the King of Britain.

Mercantilism

1650 - 1673

System where the country tries to export more than they import to make more money and become wealthy. They treasured and traded for precious metals that would help make the country wealthy.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1712

Were laws that southern states placed that gave slaves no right, and told punishments. They were placed so slaves would not rebel.

Triangle Slave Trade

1690 - 1900

Was the trade of slaves, crops, and livestock between the continents of South America, North America, Europe, and Africa. The trade system forms a triangle which its why its called the Triangle Slave Trade.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

This war was caused over domination of the land between British settlers and Indian tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1776

Also named Crown colonies which were loyal to the king. They were governed by a appointed official by the king.

Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1739

Was a Slave Rebellion which failed and leaders of rebellion were hung and executed.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Was a war between the French and the British with both sides having Indian tribes as allies. They were fighting over territory.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

Conflict and battles between the Indian Tribe of the Cherokee and British settlers.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

Was an Act on Sugar and other items to help pay debt of the French and Indian war.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

Were colonists that worked to protect the rights of colonists and wanted to put a end taxes placed.

Stamp Act

1765

A tax placed on all legal documents for the colonies to help pay for the debt of the French and Indian War.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

Uprising in North Carolina of angry colonist against officials. Uprising was unsuccessful.

South Carolina Consitution

1766

This was the laws which was to maintain order and establish justice. Were needed until the Constitution was written.

Tea Act

1773

A law passed by Parliament that told colonists they could only purchase tea from the East India Company.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

War between Britain and the 13 colonies in which the 13 colonies wanted Independence. The 13 Colonies won the war.

Declaration of Independence

1776

A document that stated that the 13 colonies independence from Great Britain.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1789

It was the first constitution of the United States but was abandoned because they were weak and did not help.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

American Revolution War battle in S.C. in which the patriots won.

Battle of Camden

1780

S.C. American Revolutionary War battle which was a British victory.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

A American Revolutionary battle in S.C. which was a Patriot victory and was a major victory.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

American Revolutionary War battle in which was one of the last battles in S.C. which was a British victory.

3/5 Compromise

1787

A compromise between the Northern and Southern states that only 3 out of 5 slaves would be counted for representation purposes.

Commerce Compromise

1787

Compromise that stated that the Federal government could tax imports but not exports.

The Great Compromise

1787

Its the compromise that states that there would be a bicameral congress which would be made up of the House of the Representatives were states would get represented by Population, and the senate where states get represented equally.

Constitution

1789

A legal document that states the rights of citizens, laws, and keeps the country strong and well maintained.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1791

A planned rebellion which would have been one of the biggest in the U.S.A. It failed because reports reached officials and rebellion leaders were executed.

Cotton Gin

1793

Was a machine that picks seeds out of cotton. Was responsible for the institutionalization of slavery when it was about to die out.

Cotton Trade

1793 - 1861

Was the southern states trade of cotton for other things from Europe. They were producing a lot of cotton due to the Cotton Gin and slaves and thats where there wealth came from.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1800 - 1890

Rice and Indigo were main crops harvested in South Carolina and the south which was what made the south wealthy.

Plantation Systems

1800 - 1861

Was common in the south, and dominated their due to agriculture. It was the system of dividing the land with each part being owned by a different person privately. Lasted from the eighteen hundreds up until the Civil War.

Embargo Act

1807

Was passed by Congress which did not allow for any ships to leave to any foreign destination due to the Napoleonic Wars.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

A war in which the United States were fighting Britain for expansion of American land.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

A general during the Civil War. Introduced the "Total War" plan to the Union.

Abolitionist Movements

1830 - 1870

Were series of events in which political/important people worked to abolish slavery. Examples are Harriet Tubman, John Brown, Sojourner Truth.

Nullification Controvesary

1832

Was the crisis during Andrew Jackson's term as President of the United States with taxes.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Was a free slave that was a ship pilot, and captain who sailed a Confederate ship to Union forces for freedom. He freed his family from slavery.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Opened these territories, which would be counted as a slave or not slave state by Popular Sovereignty.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Stated that the Federal Government could not control slavery in territories, and that they were not protected because they were not citizens.

Election of 1860

1860

19th Presidential Election in the U.S.A. in which Abraham Lincoln won.

Secessionist

1860

A state that wanted to break away apart from the Union.

Battle of Port Royal

1861

Civil War battle in which it was a amphibious operation by the Union and captured Port Royal, South Carolina.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

War between the CSA and the Union over the conflict of slavery.

Battle of Fort Sumter

1861

First civil war battle in which Union tries to take Fort Sumter but fails.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Where what the states that broke away from the Union formed which was the Union's rival in the Civil War. They were formed by basically southern states.

Total War

1862

Was the tactic of taking the battle to civilians to make them loose interest in war by destroying crops and and burning buildings.

Lincoln's Assasination

April 14, 1865

Was the First U.S. president to be assassinated and was killed by John Wilkes Booth.