Russia and the Republics Project Timeline


The Last Czar

November 1, 1894 - March 15, 1917

Russian Revolution

March 8, 1917 - November 8, 1917

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

1922 - December 26, 1991

Leaders of the USSR

Joseph Stalin

April 3, 1922 - October 16, 1952

Improved the economy, made many allies and portrayed dictatorship.

Vladimir Lenin

December 30, 1922 - January 21, 1924

Pulled together all the strands of opposition to the czars and led a successful revolution establishing the world's first Marxist nation. He also transformed a medieval country into a modern power and was the first leader of the USSR

Nikita Khrushchev

March 27, 1955 - October 14, 1964

Served as the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union and Chairman of the Council of Ministers

Mikhail Gorbachev

March 11, 1985 - December 25, 1991

His actions and the resulting loss of control by the Politboro caused the republics of Russia, Ukraine,and Belarus to break away completely from the Soviet Union, and form the Commonwealth of Independent states. All the remaining republics, except Georgia, followed suit and the Soviet Union ceased to exist. He was also the final leader of the USSR.

Cold War

United Stated uses first Atomic bombs

August 6, 1945

First on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and the second on the city of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. This ended the World War II with Japan surrendering and killed many people instantly and over time.

Apollo 11 lands on the Moon

July 20 1969

United States beats the Soviet Union in the Space Race by keeping JFK's promise to have a man on the moon and return him by the end of the decade.

End of the Soviet Union and Cold War

August, 1991

Showed the importance between the conflict of Western Democratic countries led by the US and Eastern Communist countries led by the USSR.

Leader of the new Russia

Boris Yeltsin

June 10, 1991 - December 31, 1999

Vladimir Putin

May 7, 2000 - May 7, 2008

Dmitry Medvedev

May 7, 2008 - May 7, 2012

Vladimir Putin

May 7, 2012 - Present