Other European nations needed aid too. The war had left Europe's homes, roads, and factories in ruins. When Secretary of State George Marshall toured Europe ., he saw millions of homeless refugees and Marshall feared that these conditions might encourage communist revolutions. So in June 1947, he proposed the Marshall Plan to help rebuild Europe. The President and Congress accepted. Between 1948 and 1952, the Marshall Plan provided more than $12 billion in aid to Western Europe Countries. Marshall reduced the threat of communist revolution.