René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, and writer who spent most of his adult life in the Dutch Republic.
December 25, 1642 - March 20, 1727
Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived.
Peter the Great
June 9, 1672 - February 8, 1725
Peter the Great, Peter I or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May [O.S. 27 April] 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother.