中国历史: Chinese History

Work Cited http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/dynasty.htm --- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Chinese_inventions --- http://www.travelchinaguide.com/china_great_wall/facts/who-built.htm ---- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_China --- http://www.greatwall-of-china.com/ ----- http://www.sacu.org/greatleapfamine.html

Dynasties

The Xia Dynasty

1994 BC - 1766 BC

This was the first dynasty. This dynasty ended when Xia ruler mistreated his people, and then was over thrown.

The Shang Dynasty

1766 BC - 1027 BC

The Shang dyansty was an aristocratic society. The fall of the Shang dynasty was much like the Xia.

The Zhou Dynasty

1122 BC - 256 BC

During this Dynasty, China expanded. The Zhou society was based on agriculture.

The Qin Dynasty

221 BC - 206 BC

The Qin Dynasty redefined China. During this time, many schools of thought were outlawed, they believed any devotion was back peddle Chinas progress.

The Early Han Dynasty

206 BC - 9 AD

The Xin Dynasty

9 AD - 23 AD

Sui Dynasty

589 AD - 618 AD

The Tang Dynasty

618 AD - 907 AD

The Sung Dynasty

969 AD - 1126 AD

The Yuan Dynasty

1279 AD - 1368 AD

The Ming Dynasty

1368 AD - 1644 AD

The Qing Dynasty

1644 AD - 1912 AD

Inventions

Pottery Steamer

2000 BC

Compass

1000 BC

Gunpowder

618 BC

Paper

202 BC

Cai Lun Invented Paper during the Han Dynasty

Tea

59 BC

Invented by Wang Bao

Important Events

Medicine

2100 BC


The Chinese had many different ways of healing, helping, and sometimes even curing diseases, illnesses, and curses. Yin and yang are ancient Chinese concepts from the Shang Dynasty. They used people physical makeups and birthdays to find hidden cures within their selves. Some doctors used water, fire, earth, metal, and wood as symbols of the human body.

Confucius

551 BC - 479 BC

A Chinese teacher and philosopher who was dedication to spreading his ways of peace and harmony. His teachings inspired a religion that is one of the most common still to this date.

Myths and Legends

300 BC

During the Han dynasty many myths were mad up about different things such as heavens, life after death, and gods. Some even believed Nuwa created the first humans.

Beginnings of The Great Wall

221 BC

Qin dynasty is credited to starting this world wonder, little did they know this wall would stretch all around China, becoming one of the biggest landmarks on earth.

Finished Great Wall

211 BC - 207 BC

Many Dynasties were credited to building this. There are even bodies of the fallen still held within the walls. Although around 70% has been destroyed the rest is available for tourist attraction.

The Chinese Revolution of 1949

October 1, 1949 - 1952

China faced a massive Japanese invasion along the eastern coast. And Japan was defeated. Mao Zedong then came to Power. After WWII, The Chinese Civil War started in 1945-1949. This ended with the Nationalist commander giving up at Peking.

The Chinese famine

1959 - 1961

Due to Chinas secretive nature, this famine is the one least known about. During the famine around 14- 26 million died, just from the famine alone.

Cultural Revolution

1966 - 1976

The discovery of the Terra-Cotta Army

1974


Terra-Cotta Army of the Qin Dynasty is China's rare relic of Chinese History. Some diggers found this beauty along with 7,000 pottery soldiers, 100 chariots, 4,000-plus pottery horses, and well over 100,000 weapons. And lots and lots of mercury.