Post WW2 Timeline

Main

Committee of Civil Rights

1946

The committee was instructed to investigate the status of civil rights in the country and propose measures to strengthen and protect them.

Truman

1947

Truman Doctrine: The U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into the Soviet sphere.

Baseball

1947

Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball

Beatniks

1950 - 1959

displayed the more superficial aspects of the Beat Generation (generalizing from his social circle to characterize the underground, anti-conformist youth gathering in New York) literary movement of the 1950s and violent film images, along with a cartoonish depiction of the real-life people and the spiritual quest in Jack Kerouac's autobiographical fiction.

Earl Warren Court

1953 - 1969

refers to the Supreme Court of the United States between 1953 and 1969, when Earl Warren served as Chief Justice; Warren led a liberal majority that used judicial power in dramatic fashion, to the consternation of conservative opponents.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

1954

banned the segregation of public schools; The Brown decision of 1954 marked the radical shift in the Court's—and the nation's—priorities from issues of property rights to civil liberties.

Montgomery, AL

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

Montgomery Bus Boycott: Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person ENDED: United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.

Greensboro, NC

1957

The Greensboro sit-ins were a series of nonviolent protests which led to the Woolworth's department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States

Eisenhower

1957

the first civil rights legislation enacted by Congress in the United States since Reconstruction following the American Civil War

Eisenhower

1960

a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down over the airspace of the Soviet Union.

SNCC

1960 - 1969

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee: independent student-led groups began direct-action protests against segregation in dozens of southern communities

Mapp v. Ohio

1961

a case in criminal procedure, in which the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures," may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well, as had previously been the law, as in federal criminal law prosecutions in federal courts.

Mississippi

1962

Ole Miss riot: fought between Southern segregationist civilians and federal and state forces as a result of the forced enrollment of black student James Meredith at the University of Mississippi

March on Washington

1963

one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans

Gideon v. Wainwright

1963

In this case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys, extending the identical requirement made on the federal government under the Sixth Amendment.

Alabama

1963

Birmingham campaign was a strategic movement organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the unequal treatment that black Americans endured in Birmingham, Alabama; people shot with high-pressure water hoses and attacked with police dogs

Feminine Mystique

1963

a nonfiction book by Betty Friedan; asked to conduct a survey of her former Smith College classmates for their 15th anniversary reunion; the results, in which she found that many of them were unhappy with their lives as housewives; originally intended to publish an article on the topic, not a book, but no magazine would publish her article.

Civil Rights Act

1964

a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women

24th Amendment

1964

prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax

Escobedo v. Illinois

1964

a United States Supreme Court case holding that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment

Civil Rights Act

1965

Riots

1965 - 1968

(not really sure what to write here...)

Assassination

February 21, 1965

Malcolm X prepared to address the Organization of Afro-American Unity in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom, a disturbance broke out in the 400-person audience; a man seated in the front row rushed forward and shot him once in the chest with a double-barreled sawed-off shotgun. Two other men charged the stage and fired semi-automatic handguns, hitting Malcolm X several times.

NOW

1966

the purpose of NOW is "To take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men."

Miranda v. Arizona

1966

This case had a significant impact on law enforcement in the United States, by making what became known as the Miranda rights part of routine police procedure to ensure that suspects were informed of their rights

Thurgood Marshall

1967

an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice.

Assassinations

1968

On April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King was shot while standing on a balcony outside his second-floor room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. He died at the scene. On June 5, 1968, U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy was shot during his speech at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. Kennedy died from his injuries the following day.

Woodstock

1969

a music festival celebrating peace and music