Mila 18 and Exodus Timeline

Main

November 1917 - Balfour Declaration

November 1917

1919-1923 - The Third Aliyah to Israel, mostly from Russia

1919 - 1923

1920 - Haganah founded

1920

1921 - First Moshav, Nahalal, founded in the Jezreel Valley

1921

1922 - British grant Mandate for Palestine by the League of Nations

1922

But then Britain proceeds to create Transjordan with three-fourths of the mandate area, forbidding Jewish immigration.

1924-1932 - Fourth Aliyah to Israel, mostly from Poland

1924 - 1932

1929-1945 - Fifth Aliyah to Israel, mostly from Germany

1929 - 1945

1929 - Arab attacks on Jews in Jerusalem. British did not condemn attacks

1929

Seen as British support of Arabs.

WWII begins, Ottoman Empire stays physically neutral, but supports Axis

August 31, 1939

WWI begins, Germany attacks Poland

August 31, 1939

September 1939 - Soviet Uion also attacks Poland, Warsaw holds

September 1939

September 27, 1939 - Warsaw surrenders

September 27, 1939

Jewish Civil Authority formed, "Jewish Problem" publicized

October 1939 - February, 1940

Directives against Jews issued, High mortality rate

1940 - Jewish units established in the British army

1940

October 16, 1940 - Warsaw Ghetto established

October 16, 1940

November 7, 1940 - Ghetto in Warsaw sealed

November 7, 1940

May 15, 1941 - Palmach, strike force of Haganah, is set up

May 15, 1941

June - November 1941 - Soviet-German war begins, Extensive Nazi exterminating

June 1941 - November 1941

These activities were similar to those at Babi Yar but not believed in the Ghetto

June 21, 1941 - Russia attacked by Allies

June 21, 1941

December 11, 1941 - America declares war on Germany

December 11, 1941

At the beginning of the war, America was loosing badly and Warsaw was cut off from their American aide.

Spring, 1942 - Final solution to Jewish Problem, Deportations

July 22 1942

First of Four mass deportations to Treblinka

July 28, 1942 - Jewish Fighting Organization (ZOB) established

July 28, 1942

September 16, 1942 - Deportations to concentration camps stop

September 16, 1942

1943 - British deport illegal immigrants to Cyprus

1943

January 18, 1943 - First resistance sparked by concentration camp deportations

January 18, 1943

February 2, 1943 - Germany Sixth Army surrenders at Stalingrad

February 2, 1943

April 19, 1943 - Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Lasted for 27 days

April 19 1943 - May 16, 1943

May 16, 1943 - Ghetto destroyed. End of Uprising

May 16, 1943

April - May 1945 - German surrender

April 1945 - May 1945

Jerusalem is declared the capitol of Israel and is divided with Jordan

1947

1947 - Israel accepts plan, Palestine (other Arab states) reject

1947

1947 - UN Partition Plan.

1947

July 18, 1947 - Ship, Exodus, was escorted into Haifa by British naval units

July 18, 1947

After a battle, british escorted exodus while a sister ship sailing for Palestine - also illegally - was stopped and all immigrants sent to Cyprus.

Dec. 1, 1947 - Arab League meets in Cairo to plan strategy against partition

December 1, 1947

1948 - 1952 - Mass immigration from Europe and Arab countries

1948 - 1952

May 1948-July 1949 - War of Independence

May 1948 - July 1949

May 14, 1948 - Arab armies invade Israel

May 14, 1948

May 14, 1948 - British Mandate is over

May 14, 1948

May 14, 1948 - Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel

May 14, 1948

Jewish Immigration unrestricted. State of Israel recognized within the first hour.

June 11 - Oct. 15 1948 - Two cease-fires proclaimed and ended. Fighting in Negev

June 11 1948 - October 15 1948

November 22 - Egyptian forces driven beyond Negev borders, retain Gaza strip

November 22 1948

February 24-July 20 1949 - Armistice with Egypt, Lebenon, Jordan, and Syria

February 24 1949 - July 20 1949

May 11, 1949 - Israel admitted to the UN as 59th member.

May 11, 1949