Mila 18 and Exodus Timeline

Main

November 1917 - Balfour Declaration

November 1917

1919-1923 - The Third Aliyah to Israel, mostly from Russia

1919 - 1923

1920 - Haganah founded

1920

1921 - First Moshav, Nahalal, founded in the Jezreel Valley

1921

1922 - British grant Mandate for Palestine by the League of Nations

1922

But then Britain proceeds to create Transjordan with three-fourths of the mandate area, forbidding Jewish immigration.

1924-1932 - Fourth Aliyah to Israel, mostly from Poland

1924 - 1932

1929 - Arab attacks on Jews in Jerusalem. British did not condemn attacks

1929

Seen as British support of Arabs.

1929-1945 - Fifth Aliyah to Israel, mostly from Germany

1929 - 1945

WWII begins, Ottoman Empire stays physically neutral, but supports Axis

August 31, 1939

WWI begins, Germany attacks Poland

August 31, 1939

September 1939 - Soviet Uion also attacks Poland, Warsaw holds

September 1939

September 27, 1939 - Warsaw surrenders

September 27, 1939

Jewish Civil Authority formed, "Jewish Problem" publicized

October 1939 - February, 1940

Directives against Jews issued, High mortality rate

1940 - Jewish units established in the British army

1940

October 16, 1940 - Warsaw Ghetto established

October 16, 1940

November 7, 1940 - Ghetto in Warsaw sealed

November 7, 1940

May 15, 1941 - Palmach, strike force of Haganah, is set up

May 15, 1941

June - November 1941 - Soviet-German war begins, Extensive Nazi exterminating

June 1941 - November 1941

These activities were similar to those at Babi Yar but not believed in the Ghetto

June 21, 1941 - Russia attacked by Allies

June 21, 1941

December 11, 1941 - America declares war on Germany

December 11, 1941

At the beginning of the war, America was loosing badly and Warsaw was cut off from their American aide.

Spring, 1942 - Final solution to Jewish Problem, Deportations

July 22 1942

First of Four mass deportations to Treblinka

July 28, 1942 - Jewish Fighting Organization (ZOB) established

July 28, 1942

September 16, 1942 - Deportations to concentration camps stop

September 16, 1942

1943 - British deport illegal immigrants to Cyprus

1943

January 18, 1943 - First resistance sparked by concentration camp deportations

January 18, 1943

February 2, 1943 - Germany Sixth Army surrenders at Stalingrad

February 2, 1943

April 19, 1943 - Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Lasted for 27 days

April 19 1943 - May 16, 1943

May 16, 1943 - Ghetto destroyed. End of Uprising

May 16, 1943

April - May 1945 - German surrender

April 1945 - May 1945

1947 - UN Partition Plan.

1947

1947 - Israel accepts plan, Palestine (other Arab states) reject

1947

Jerusalem is declared the capitol of Israel and is divided with Jordan

1947

July 18, 1947 - Ship, Exodus, was escorted into Haifa by British naval units

July 18, 1947

After a battle, british escorted exodus while a sister ship sailing for Palestine - also illegally - was stopped and all immigrants sent to Cyprus.

Dec. 1, 1947 - Arab League meets in Cairo to plan strategy against partition

December 1, 1947

1948 - 1952 - Mass immigration from Europe and Arab countries

1948 - 1952

May 1948-July 1949 - War of Independence

May 1948 - July 1949

May 14, 1948 - Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel

May 14, 1948

Jewish Immigration unrestricted. State of Israel recognized within the first hour.

May 14, 1948 - British Mandate is over

May 14, 1948

May 14, 1948 - Arab armies invade Israel

May 14, 1948

June 11 - Oct. 15 1948 - Two cease-fires proclaimed and ended. Fighting in Negev

June 11 1948 - October 15 1948

November 22 - Egyptian forces driven beyond Negev borders, retain Gaza strip

November 22 1948

February 24-July 20 1949 - Armistice with Egypt, Lebenon, Jordan, and Syria

February 24 1949 - July 20 1949

May 11, 1949 - Israel admitted to the UN as 59th member.

May 11, 1949