Post World War 2

Civil Rights

Committee of Civil Rights

1946

Instructed to investigate the status of the civil rights in the country and propose measure to strengthen and protect them. Terms of reference: To examine the condition of civil rights in the U.S.

Truman

1947

Integration of military.

Baseball

1947

Jackie Robinson proved that African American men could compete and be successful with white men.

Earl Warren Court

1953 - 1969

Known for the sweeping decisions of the Warren Court, which ended school segregation and transformed many areas of American law, especially regarding the rights of the accused, ending public-school-sponsored prayer, and requiring “one-man-one vote” rules of apportionment.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

1954

Segregation in public schools unconstitutional: because of 14th amendment, Supreme Court agreed & overturned Plessy case. Separate facilities unconstitutional and segregation in schools should end.

Montgomery, AL

1955

Montgomery Bus Boycott: Blacks of the city decided that they would boycott the buses until they were allowed to sit anywhere they wanted. (Rosa Parks)

Greensboro, NC

1957

The Greensboro sit-ins: nonviolent protests in 1960 which led to the Woolworth’s department store reverse its policy of racial segregation.

Eisenhower

1960

Ordered in federal troops to protect nine black children integrating a public school, the first time the federal government had sent troops to the South since Reconstruction.

SNCC

1960 - 1970

One of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. SNCC legacy is the destruction of the psychological shackles which had kept black southerners in physical and mental peonage.

Mapp v. Ohio

1961

The Warren Court left a legacy of judicial activism in the area of civil rights law as well as in the area of civil liberties—specifically, the rights of the accused as addressed in Amendments 4 through 8.

Mississippi

1962

Ole Miss riot of 1962: fought between Southern segregationist civilians and federal and state forces as a result of the forced enrollment of black student James Meredith at the University of Mississippi.

Feminine Mystique

1963

Nonfiction book by Betty Friedan first published in 1963. It is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.

March on Washington

1963

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place in Washington, D.C., on August 28, 1963. Attended by some 250,000 people, it was the largest demonstration ever seen in the nation’s capital.

Alabama

1963

The Birmingham Bombing: 4 black girls were killed by a bomb while they were attending Sunday school at the 16th Street Baptist Church

Gideon v. Wainwright

1963

Supreme Court ruled that state courts are required under the 14th amendment to provide counsel for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys.

24th Amendment

1964

Prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.

Civil Rights Act

1964

Outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.2 It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public (“public accommodations”).

Escobedo v. Illinois

1964

After a year is was decided by the court that indigent criminal defendants had a right to be provided counsel at trial.

Civil Rights Act of 1965

1965

National legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.

Assassination

1965

Malcolm X was assassinated

Riots

1965 - 1968

Watt’s Riots, City riots

NOW (National Organization for Women)

1966

Was founded in 1966 and the main goal was to try and get equal rights for women.

Miranda v. Arizona

1966

Court said that whatever a defendant says can not be used as evidence if he or she is not read their Miranda Rights. This case developed the Miranda rights.

Thurgood Marshall

1967

First African American justice to be apart of the Supreme Court.

Assassinations 1968

1968

Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated

Cold War

Truman Doctrine

1947

President Truman's promise to help nations struggling against communist movements.

Containment Policy

1947

Us policy to stop expansion of Soviet Union and Communism.

National Security Act

1947

Created the Department Defense, National Security Council, and Central Intelligence Agency.

Berlin Airlift

1948

Joint effort by the US and Britain to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city.

Marshall Plan

1948

A plan that the U.S. provided aid to all European nations that needed it.

N.A.T.O.

1949

an international organization created by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security.

Atomic Weapons

1950

USA and USSR create atomic weaponry.