The committee was instructed to investigate the status of civil rights in the country and propose measures to strengthen them.
Jackie Robinson becomes the first Black to play in the white Major Leagues
The Beats tended to be essentially apolitical, but the hippies became actively engaged with the civil rights movement and the anti-war movements
The warren court expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power and federal power in dramatic ways.
the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional
The Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started on December 1, 1955. That was the day when the blacks of Montgomery, Alabama, decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded
introduced during Eisenhower’s presidency,The 1957 Civil Rights Bill aimed to ensure that all African Americans could exercise their right to vote
Sit ins became more and more frequent
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960.
The 1960 Civil Rights Act, introduced during Eisenhower presidency, penalties were to be levied against anybody who obstructed someone’s attempt to register to vote or someone’s attempt to actually vote
the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against “unreasonable searches and seizures,” may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well, as had previously been the law, as in federal criminal law prosecutions in federal courts.
Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals orders James Meredith admitted to the University of Mississippi
Non fiction book by Betty freidan, started another wave of feminism across america
The climax of the modern civil rights movement occurred in Birmingham. The city's violent response to the spring 1963 demonstrations against white supremacy forced the federal government to intervene on behalf of race reform
the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys
The Birmingham campaign was a strategic movement organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the unequal treatment that black Americans endured in Birmingham, Alabama.
one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history 3 and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. It took place in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic “I Have a Dream” speech advocating racial harmony during the march
ended the poll tax
Suspect could be provided counsel at trial
Malcom X was assainated
ensured african americans the right to vote
Court case made what is now the miranda rights
It ensured that every suspect were informed their rights
First african american in the supreme court, was a judge and lawyer
Martin luther king shot in april
Robert F. Kennedy shot in june
Three days of peace of music, during this slightly rainy weekend thirty two acts preformed in front of 500,000 concert goers.
originally established to seek out Nazis, was reactivated in the post war years to find communists
George Kennan, containing and preventing the spread of communism
Public policy dealing with international security and the military
400 million dollars to give to countries in aid and military to prevent te spread of communism to those countries. Asia, Africa, and Latin America
The start of hostility with USSR and the United States
a republican senator from Wisconsin who was very anti-communist
17 billion dollar European recovery program
Stalin blocked off all the major supply routes to west berlin , so we had to use airplanes to give them supplies.
A military defense act to protect western europe
Truman was determined to avoid direct conflict with China’s new communist government and sought to negotiate with them when they became involved in the Korean War. MacArthur felt that the US should attack China.
a controversial trial about Russian spy’s, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, they were found guilty for treason, for giving a-bomb secrets to the Russians, and executed in 1953
America launched the first satellites into orbit, sputnik 1 and sputnik 2, around the earth
the Soviet military used a guided missile to shoot down an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory
sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany, was to keep citizens from escaping to the West.
A confrontation that involved the U.S. and the Soviet Union, over missles in cuba. Kennedy set up a blockade around
Cuba until the missles were removed.
Authorized President Johnson to commit US troops to south Vietnam and fight a war against north Vietnam
Some 2.7 million American troops served in Vietnam. The war was a hopeless effort to keep South Vietnam from falling to Communism.
The increase in military involvement
The attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam
Nixon [Republican] v. Humphrey [Democrat] Democrats fall apart after failure of Johnson in Vietnam, So Nixon won.
policy of equipping and training of the south Vietnamese to fight for themselves
a long-term comprehensive Treaty providing broad limits on strategic offensive weapons systems.
The Paris Peace Accords ending the conflict were signed January 27, 1973, and were followed by the withdrawal of the remaining American troops.
Popular name for Reagan’s proposed space-based nuclear defense system, officially called the Strategic Defense Initiative
the policy of economic and governmental reform instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union during the mid-1980s
a Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues and freer dissemination of news and information
became last general secretary of the soviet union
The revolutions of 1989, where revolutions over threw communist states
Chinese troops storm through Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, killing and arresting thousands of pro-democracy protesters