Untitled timeline

Civil Rights

Comittee of Civil Rights

1946

Instructed to investigate the status of the civil rights in the country and propose measure to strengthen and protect them. Terms of reference: to examine the condition of civil rights in the U.S., to produce a written report of their findings, and to submit recommendations on improving civil rights in the U.S.

Harry S. Truman

1/1/47 - 1/2/47

Integration of millitary

Jackie Robinson

1947

African Americans succeed in professional sports

Earl Warren Court

1953 - 1969

Known for the sweeping decisions of the Warren Court, which ended school segregation and transformed many areas of American Law, especially regarding the rights of the accused, ending public school-sponsored-prayer, and requiring "one-man-one-vote" rules of appointment

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

1954

Montgomery, AL

1955

Montgomery Bus Boycott: Blacks of the city decided that they would boycott the buses until they were allowed to sit anywhere they wanted. (Rosa Parks)

Greensboro, NC

1957

The Greensboro sit-ins: nonviolent protests in 1960 which led to the Woolworth’s department store reverse its policy of racial segregation.

SNCC

1960 - 1970

One of the organizations of the American civil rights movement in the 1960's. SNCC's legacy is the destruction of the psychological shackles which had kept black southerners in physical and mental peonage

Eisenhower

1960

Ordered in federal troops to protect nine black children integrating a public school, the first time the federal government had sent troops to the south since Reconstruction.

Mapp v. Ohio

1961

The Warren Court left a legacy of judicial activism in the area of civil rights law as well as in the area of civil liberties—specifically, the rights of the accused as addressed in Amendments 4 through 8.

Mississippi

1962

Ole Miss riot of 1962: fought between Southern segregationist civilians and federal and state forces as a result of the forced enrollment of black student James Meredith at the University of Mississippi.

Alabama

1963

The Birmingham Bombing: 4 black girls were killed by a bomb while they were attending Sunday school at the 16th Street Baptist Church

Gideon v. Wainwright

1963

Supreme Court ruled that state courts are required under the 14th amendment to provide counsel for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys.

Feminine Mystique

1963

Nonfiction book by Betty Friedan first published in 1963. It is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.

March on Washington

August 28,1963

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place in Washington, D.C., on August 28, 1963. Attended by some 250,000 people, it was the largest demonstration ever seen in the nation’s capital.

24th Amendment

1964

Prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.

Escobedo v. Illinois

1964

After a year is was decided by the court that indigent criminal defendants had a right to be provided counsel at trial.

Civil Rights Act

1964

Outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.2 It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public (“public accommodations”).

Civil Rights Act of 1965

1965

National legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.

Riots:1965-1968

1965 - 1968

Watt’s Riots, City riots

Assasination

1965

Malcolm X was assassinated

Riots

1965 - 1968

Watt’s Riots, City riots

NOW (National Organization for Women)

1966

Was founded in 1966 and the main goal was to try and get equal rights for women

Miranda v. Arizona

1966

Court said that whatever a defendant says can not be used as evidence if he or she is not read their Miranda Rights. This case developed the Miranda rights

Thurgood Marshall

1967

First African American justice to be apart of the Supreme Court.

Assassinations 1968

1968

Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated

Assassinations 1968

1968

Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated

Woodstock

1969

A large music festival with all the hippies about equality.

ERA

1972

ERA

1972

A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women that failed to be passed.

Cold War

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

1864

resolution that allowed president Johnson to fight in Vietnam

Atomic Weapons

1945 - 1953

USA and USSR create atomic weapons

Containment

1947

U.S. policy to stop expansionism of Soviet Union communism

Truman Doctrine

1947

President Truman's promise to help nations struggling against communist nations

National Security Act

1947

Created the Department of Defense, National Security Council, and Central Intelligence Agency

Second Red Scare

1947 - 1957

Post World War II resurgence of Anti-communist sentiment that influenced governmental and personal actions

UN-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

1947 - 1951

a congressional committee that investigated commmunist influence inside and outside the us gov. after wwii

Berlin Air Lift

1948

Joint effort by the US and Britain to fly food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviet Union blocked off all ground routes into the city

Marshall Plan

1948

A plan that the U.S. provided aid to all European countries that needed it

NATO

1949

and international organization created by the North Atlantic Treay for purposes of collective security

Rosenberg Case

1951

Involved Julius and Ethel Rosenberg who were American communists. They were executed for passing nuclear weapons secrets to the USSR.

Sputnik

1957

The first artificial satellite to orbit Earth, launched by the Soviets.

Joseph McCarthy

1957

United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists

1960

1960

the downing of a U.S. spy plane and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union.

Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961

failed invasion of Cuba when a force of 1,200 Cuban exiles, backed by the United States, landed at the Bay of Pigs.

Berlin Wall

1961

a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany to keep citizens from escaping to the West was broken down

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba

Escalation

1964 - 1975

Policy of increasing military involvement in Vietnam.

Tet Offensive

1968

Attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam; moral defeat for US forces.

1968 Election

1968 - 1969

Nixon routed other two candidates.

Vietnamization

1971 - 1973

Nixon’s policy to train Southern Vietnamese soldiers to substitute for US troops.

Salt II

1972 - 1979

Talk between allied nations to control production of nuclear weapons

End of War

1973 - 1974

Ceasefire called after allied troops and US soldiers were overwhelmed, unorganized, and in distress.

Eastern Europe

1973 - 1991

War in Vietnam and Korea, splits among countries with the presentation of the Warsaw Pact by USSR and US NATO.

Star Wars

1983

Use of space-based means by Russia to operate missile-defense systems from beyond the atmosphere.

Gorbachev

1985 - 1991

Only Russian president born in USSR era, assisted in ending Cold War.